Logo of bullwhoWHO Home PageBulletin Home PageBulletin Home PageAbout Bulletine-mail AlertSubmissions
Bull World Health Organ. 1987; 65(1): 95–104.
PMCID: PMC2490862

Perinatal mortality in southern Brazil: a population-based study of 7392 births

Abstract

Perinatal, fetal and early neonatal mortality rates were determined in a population of 7392 babies born in hospitals in Pelotas (total population, 260 000) during 1982. These babies represented over 99% of all births in the city in that year. The perinatal mortality rate for singletons was 31.9 per 1000 total births, the fetal mortality rate being 16.2 and the early neonatal mortality rate 15.9 per 1000 total births.

The most important variable influencing perinatal mortality was birth weight; low-birth-weight babies were 17 times more likely to die in the perinatal period than those weighing 2500 g or more. Perinatal mortality was also strongly influenced by socio-economic status, which was measured by family income. Babies belonging to the poorest families were 3 times more likely to die during the perinatal period than those in families with the highest incomes. Other variables significantly associated with perinatal mortality were gestational age, maternal age, maternal weight and height, reproductive history, attendance in antenatal clinics, parity, and birth interval. Information on most of these risk factors can easily be obtained by health workers at the beginning of pregnancy and should be taken into consideration when allocating women to the proper level of care.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Babson SG. Growth of low-birth-weight infants. J Pediatr. 1970 Jul;77(1):11–18. [PubMed]
  • Fitzhardinge PM, Steven EM. The small-for-date infant. I. Later growth patterns. Pediatrics. 1972 May;49(5):671–681. [PubMed]
  • McCormick MC, Shapiro S, Starfield BH. Rehospitalization in the first year of life for high-risk survivors. Pediatrics. 1980 Dec;66(6):991–999. [PubMed]
  • Alberman E. Prospects for better perinatal health. Lancet. 1980 Jan 26;1(8161):189–192. [PubMed]
  • Barros FC, Vaughan JP, Victora CG. Why so many caesarean sections? The need for a further policy change in Brazil. Health Policy Plan. 1986 Mar;1(1):19–29. [PubMed]
  • Meyer MB, Jonas BS, Tonascia JA. Perinatal events associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol. 1976 May;103(5):464–476. [PubMed]
  • Rush D, Kass EH. Maternal smoking: a reassessment of the association with perinatal mortality. Am J Epidemiol. 1972 Sep;96(3):183–196. [PubMed]
  • Wigglesworth JS. Monitoring perinatal mortality. A pathophysiological approach. Lancet. 1980 Sep 27;2(8196):684–686. [PubMed]

Articles from Bulletin of the World Health Organization are provided here courtesy of World Health Organization

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...