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Bull World Health Organ. 1995; 73(6): 793–798.
PMCID: PMC2486683

Potential interventions for the prevention of childhood pneumonia in developing countries: a systematic review.

Abstract

This article describes the background and framework for a systematic review of potential interventions for preventing pneumonia among under-5-year-olds in developing countries. Twenty-eight intervention areas are identified in six groups -- immunization, case management/chemoprophylaxis of high-risk children, improving nutrition, reducing environmental pollution, reducing transmission of pathogens, and improving child care practices. Calculation of the potential impacts is illustrated and the expected outcomes are also described.

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Selected References

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  • Sazawal S, Black RE. Meta-analysis of intervention trials on case-management of pneumonia in community settings. Lancet. 1992 Aug 29;340(8818):528–533. [PubMed]
  • Rowland MG, Rowland SG, Cole TJ. Impact of infection on the growth of children from 0 to 2 years in an urban West African community. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Jan;47(1):134–138. [PubMed]
  • Gadomski AM. Potential interventions for preventing pneumonia among young children: lack of effect of antibiotic treatment for upper respiratory infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 Feb;12(2):115–120. [PubMed]

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