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J Bacteriol. Jan 1971; 105(1): 220–225.
PMCID: PMC248344

Utilization of Glucose by Clostridium thermocellum: Presence of Glucokinase and Other Glycolytic Enzymes in Cell Extracts1


Clostridium thermocellum was shown to ferment glucose in a medium containing salts and 0.5% yeast extract. An active glucokinase was obtained with improved conditions for growth, assay, and preparation of cell extracts. Cell extracts appear to contain a glucokinase inhibitor that interferes with the assays at high protein concentrations. Glucokinase activity is stimulated about 60% by pretreatment with dithiothreitol. Little or no fructokinase or mannokinase activity was detected in cell extracts. The absence of glucokinase in mannitol-grown cells, the increase in glucokinase activity upon incubation of cell suspensions with glucose, and the lack of increase in activity when chloramphenical is added are evidence that glucokinase is an inducible enzyme. The following enzymes were detected in cell extracts (the enzyme activities are shown in parentheses are micromoles per minute per milligram or protein at 27 C): glucokinase (0.48), phosphoglucose isomerase (0.73), fructose 6-phosphate kinase (0.24), fructose diphosphate aldolase (0.59), glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (0.53), triose phosphate isomerase (0.13), phosphoglycerate kinase (0.20), phosphoglycerate mutase (0.20), enolase (0.28), pyruvic kinase (0.13), and lactic dehydrogenase (0.13). Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was absent or very low (0.0002) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase activity also was relatively low (0.015). From these data, it is proposed that carbohydrate metabolism in C. thermocellum proceeds by the Embden-Meyerhof pathway.

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Selected References

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  • Patni NJ, Alexander JK. Catabolism of fructose and mannitol in Clostridium thermocellum: presence of phosphoenolpyruvate: fructose phosphotransferase, fructose 1-phosphate kinase, phosphoenolpyruvate: mannitol phosphotransferase, and mannitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase in cell extracts. J Bacteriol. 1971 Jan;105(1):226–231. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
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