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J Bacteriol. Jan 1971; 105(1): 200–210.
PMCID: PMC248342

Metabolic Role, Regulation of Synthesis, Cellular Localization, and Genetic Control of the Glyoxylate Cycle Enzymes in Neurospora crassa

Abstract

The glyoxylate shunt enzymes, isocitrate lyase and malate synthase, were present at high levels in mycelium grown on acetate as sole source of carbon, compared with mycelium grown on sucrose medium. The glyoxylate shunt activities were also elevated in mycelium grown on glutamate or Casamino Acids as sole source of carbon, and in amino acid-requiring auxotrophic mutants grown in sucrose medium containing limiting amounts of their required amino acid. Under conditions of enhanced catabolite repression in mutants grown in sucrose medium but starved of Krebs cycle intermediates, isocitrate lyase and malate synthase levels were derepressed compared with the levels in wild type grown on sucrose medium. This derepression did not occur in related mutants in which Krebs cycle intermediates were limiting growth but catabolite repression was not enhanced. No Krebs cycle intermediate tested produced an efficient repression of isocitrate lyase activity in acetate medium. Of the two forms of isocitrate lyase in Neurospora, isocitrate lyase-1 constituted over 80% of the isocitrate lyase activity in acetate-grown wild type and also in each of the cases already outlined in which the glyoxylate shunt activities were elevated on sucrose medium. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that the synthesis of isocitrate lyase-1 and malate synthase in Neurospora is regulated by a glycolytic intermediate or derivative. Our data suggest that isocitrate lyase-1 and isocitrate lyase-2 are the products of different structural genes. The metabolic roles of the two forms of isocitrate lyase and of the glyoxylate cycle are discussed on the basis of their metabolic control and intracellular localization.

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Selected References

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