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Bull World Health Organ. 1972; 46(5): 625–631.
PMCID: PMC2480785

Outbreaks of monkeypox and serological surveys in nonhuman primates

Abstract

In connexion with the recent detection of cases of monkeypox in man in West and Central Africa, the frequency of monkeypox outbreaks in monkeys since 1958, when the disease was first recognized in captive animals, has been investigated. Special incidence surveys were made for this purpose. During the last 3 years, a serological survey has been conducted to find natural foci of monkeypox virus, and a total of 2 242 sera from monkeys of different species from various parts of Africa and Asia have been examined for poxvirus antibodies. The survey failed to detect any significant indication of poxvirus infections. The observations suggest that although a few human cases of monkeypox have been identified, monkeypox in the natural environment is not widespread and is perhaps localized in small areas.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Arita I, Henderson DA. Smallpox and monkeypox in non-human primates. Bull World Health Organ. 1968;39(2):277–283. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • HAHON N, McGAVRAN MH. Air-borne infectivity of the variola-vaccinia group of poxviruses for the cynomolgus monkey, Macaca irus. J Infect Dis. 1961 Nov-Dec;109:294–298. [PubMed]
  • MCCONNELL S, HERMAN YF, MATTSON DE, HUXSOLL DL, LANG CM, YAGER RH. PROTECTION OF RHESUS MONKEYS AGAINST MONKEYPOX BY VACCINIA VIRUS IMMUNIZATION. Am J Vet Res. 1964 Jan;25:192–195. [PubMed]
  • PRIER JE, SAUER RM, MALSBERGER RG, SILLAMAN JM. Studies on a pox disease of monkeys. II. Isolation of the etiologic agent. Am J Vet Res. 1960 May;21:381–384. [PubMed]

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