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Appl Environ Microbiol. Mar 1979; 37(3): 369–372.
PMCID: PMC243223

Induction of mutation in Escherichia coli by freeze-drying.


The effect of freeze-drying on phenotypic reversion of amino acid auxotrophy to prototrophy was studied in Escherichia coli. In a radioresistant strain, E. coli H/r 30 (uvr+ exr+), which can repair the deoxyribonucleic acid damaged due to freeze-drying, an increased mutation frequency from auxotrophy to prototrophy was observed with increased time of freeze-drying of the cells. On the other hand, in a radiosensitive strain, E. coli NG 30 (recA), which cannot repair the damaged deoxyribonucleic acid due to a lack of repair enzyme system, no significant reversion occurred, although the survival rate was very low. The rate of phenotypic reversion dut to freeze-drying in both E. coli RIMD 0509109 (uvr+ exr+) and RIMD 0509115 (uvr exr+) was almost the same, indicating that the phenomenon is independent of the uvr character. From these results it is concluded that mutation was induced in E. coli cells during the rehydration when the damaged deoxyribonucleic acid was repaired by exr character of the cells. Thus, we propose that a serious consideration should be paid to the freeze-drying technique to preserve bacterial cells.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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