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Appl Environ Microbiol. Jan 1983; 45(1): 284–289.
PMCID: PMC242266

Biphasic culture system for rapid Campylobacter cultivation.


We developed a biphasic culture system consisting of 4 ml of brucella agar (BA) and 6 ml of brucella broth (BB) in 25-cm2 tissue culture flasks, which were incubated in air (BB/BAa) or in a gas mixture of 5% O2, 10% CO2, and 85% N2 (BB/BAg). These media were also used with a supplement consisting of ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate and incubated as above (FB/FAa and FB/FAg, respectively). Highly satisfactory growth of Campylobacter jejuni 301 was obtained with all medium-gas phase combinations provided that the number of viable cells in the inoculum was large (greater than or equal to 10(6)/ml). The use of FB/FAa permitted the inoculum to be reduced to 100 cells per ml. With an adjusted gas phase (BB/BAg and FB/FAg), near-optimal growth was obtained from an inoculum of 1 to 10 cells per ml. Under most of these conditions the generation time was approximately 90 min. During the logarithmic growth phase, the cells retained their typical spiral morphology and high motility. These media also proved to be highly satisfactory for the cultivation of fresh isolates as well as other stock strains of Campylobacter. When the broth phase of the cultures, after addition of 15% glycerol, was quickly frozen and maintained at -70 degrees C, all strains thus far examined were readily recoverable and satisfactorily cultivated without additional passage.

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Selected References

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