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Appl Environ Microbiol. Jun 1985; 49(6): 1401–1406.
PMCID: PMC241737

Role of a Ferric Ion-Reducing System in Sulfur Oxidation of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans

Abstract

The properties of a ferric ion-reducing system which catalyzes the reduction of ferric ion with elemental sulfur was investigated with a pure strain of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. In anaerobic conditions, washed intact cells of the strain reduced 6 mol of Fe3+ with 1 mol of elemental sulfur to give 6 mol of Fe2+, 1 mol of sulfate, and a small amount of sulfite. In aerobic conditions, the 6 mol of Fe2+ produced was immediately reoxidized by the iron oxidase of the cell, with a consumption of 1.5 mol of oxygen. As a result, Fe2+ production was never observed under aerobic conditions. However, in the presence of 5 mM cyanide, which completely inhibits the iron oxidase of the cell, an amount of Fe2+ production comparable to that formed under anaerobic conditions was observed under aerobic conditions. The ferric ion-reducing system had a pH optimum between 2.0 and 3.8, and the activity was completely destroyed by 10 min of incubation at 60°C. A short treatment of the strain with 0.5% phenol completely destroyed the ferric ion-reducing system of the cell. However, this treatment did not affect the iron oxidase of the cell. Since a concomitant complete loss of the activity of sulfur oxidation by molecular oxygen was observed in 0.5% phenol-treated cells, it was concluded that the ferric ion-reducing system plays an important role in the sulfur oxidation activity of this strain, and a new sulfur-oxidizing route is proposed for T. ferrooxidans.

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Selected References

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