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Appl Environ Microbiol. Jun 1984; 47(6): 1221–1223.
PMCID: PMC240200

Alcoholic Fermentation of d-Xylose by Yeasts


Type strains of 200 species of yeasts able to ferment glucose and grow on xylose were screened for fermentation of d-xylose. In most of the strains tested, ethanol production was negligible. Nineteen were found to produce between 0.1 and 1.0 g of ethanol per liter. Strains of the following species produce more than 1 g of ethanol per liter in the fermentation test with 2% xylose: Brettanomyces naardenensis, Candida shehatae, Candida tenuis, Pachysolen tannophilus, Pichia segobiensis, and Pichia stipitis. Subsequent screening of these yeasts for their capacity to ferment d-cellobiose revealed that only Candida tenuis CBS 4435 was a good fermenter of both xylose and cellobiose under the test conditions used.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Jeffries TW. Utilization of xylose by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 1983;27:1–32. [PubMed]
  • Maleszka R, Schneider H. Fermentation of D-xylose, xylitol, and D-xylulose by yeasts. Can J Microbiol. 1982 Mar;28(3):360–363. [PubMed]
  • McCracken LD, Gong CS. D-Xylose metabolism by mutant strains of Candida sp. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 1983;27:33–55. [PubMed]

Articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)


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