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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1984 Jan; 47(1): 193–194.
PMCID: PMC239634

Effect of butanol on lipid composition and fluidity of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824.


Butanol, at sub-growth-inhibitory levels, caused a ca. 20 to 30% increase in fluidity of lipid dispersions from Clostridium acetobutylicum. When grown in the presence of butanol or into stationary phase, C. acetobutylicum synthesized increased levels of saturated acyl chains at the expense of unsaturated chains.

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Selected References

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  • Berger B, Carty CE, Ingram LO. Alcohol-induced changes in the phospholipid molecular species of Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1980 Jun;142(3):1040–1044. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cupp J, Klymkowski M, Sands J, Keith A, Snipes W. Effect of lipid alkyl chain perturbations on the assembly of bacteriophage PM2. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 May 6;389(2):345–357. [PubMed]
  • Johnston NC, Goldfine H. Lipid composition in the classification of the butyric acid-producing clostridia. J Gen Microbiol. 1983 Apr;129(4):1075–1081. [PubMed]
  • Rigomier D, Bohin JP, Lubochinsky B. Effects of ethanol and methanol on lipid metabolism in Bacillus subtilis. J Gen Microbiol. 1980 Nov;121(1):139–149. [PubMed]
  • Sinensky M. Homeoviscous adaptation--a homeostatic process that regulates the viscosity of membrane lipids in Escherichia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1974 Feb;71(2):522–525. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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