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J Bacteriol. Sep 1977; 131(3): 745–750.
PMCID: PMC235525

Myxospore coat synthesis in Myxococcus xanthus: enzymes associated with uridine 5'-diphosphate-N-acetylgalactosamine formation during myxospore development.


Activities of the enzymes glutamine synthetase (EC, glucosamine 6-phosphate acetyltransferase (EC, uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP)-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase (EC 2.7.23.), UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 4-epimerase (EC, fructose 1,6-diphosphate phosphatase (EC 3.13.11.), L-glutamine-fructose 6-phosphate transamidase (EC, alkaline phosphatase (EC, and malic dehydrogenase (EC were assayed in partially purified extracts prepared at different stages of myxospore formation and germination in liquid cultures of Myxococcus xanthus. The specific activities of the first six of these enzymes increased 4.5- to 7.5-fold after 2 h of induction with 0.5 M glycerol or 0.2 M dimethyl sulfoxide. The increase in specific activities of these six enzymes was not observed in a mutant unable to be induced with glycerol. During the first 2 to 4 h of induction and during the first hour of germination, the level of these enzymes decreased to the level characteristic of vegetative cells. It is suggested that the six enzymes are responsible for the increased conversion of fructose 1,6-diphosphate to UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine, the major precursor of the myxospore coat.

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Selected References

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