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Bull World Health Organ. 1998; 76(4): 361–372.
PMCID: PMC2305772

Eradication of schistosomiasis in Guangxi, China. Part 1: Setting, strategies, operations, and outcomes, 1953-92.


Reported are the results of an analysis of a 40-year programme leading to eradication of schistosomiasis in Guangxi, China, a large, poor autonomous region of the country that had the heaviest global burden of the disease. We used historical county data and maps showing the initial distribution and density of Oncomelania snails and the initial prevalence of schistosomiasis to assess the correlation between snail occurrence and human infection. All annual county schistosomiasis reports were collected and analysed, including information on snail abundance and infection, human and animal infection control, stool examinations and patient treatments, clinical and serology examinations, skin test surveillance, patient follow-up, patient treatments, animal examinations, water supply and sanitation, and environmental modification. The findings bear witness to the laborious, systematic and scientific basis of the control programme and how it changed over the 40 years. Of note is the continual search for and treatment of cases, the killing of snails, and the permanent alteration of their habitats using mass community participation and methods adapted to local conditions. The programme has freed more than 10 million people from the risk of schistosomiasis and boosted rural economic development and health. The persistence, good record keeping, evolving and locally flexible strategies, and the clear focus of the control programme were crucial to its eventual success.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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