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J Clin Microbiol. Jul 1995; 33(7): 1942–1943.
PMCID: PMC228307

Comparison of conventional stool concentration and preserved-smear methods with Merifluor Cryptosporidium/Giardia Direct Immunofluorescence Assay and ProSpecT Giardia EZ Microplate Assay for detection of Giardia lamblia.

Abstract

Giardiasis is the most common parasitic infection in the United States. Variation in the numbers of cysts and/or trophozoites that are present along with the need for a skilled microscopist offer challenges in diagnosis. We compared the sediment wet preparation and permanent stained smear results (concentration in formalin-ethyl acetate and preparation of a smear prepared from a polyvinyl alcohol-preserved specimen) from 512 consecutive specimens with the results obtained by using the Merifluor Cryptosporidium/Giardia Direct Immunofluorescence Assay (DFA; Meridian Diagnostics, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio) and the ProSpecT Giardia EZ Microplate Assay (EIA; Alexon, Inc., Sunnyvale, Calif.). The Merifluor DFA detected 33 of 33 positive specimens, and the ProSpecT EIA detected 32 of 33 positive specimens. The diagnostic sensitivities of the Merifluor DFA and the ProSpecT EIA were 100 and 97%, respectively. The specificities of the assays were 99.8%. The Merifluor DFA and the ProSpecT EIA appear to be equally sensitive, and both are more sensitive than conventional microscopy.

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Selected References

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