• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of epidinfectJournal HomepageSubscribeSumbitJournal Homepage
Epidemiol Infect. Feb 1991; 106(1): 71–75.
PMCID: PMC2271855

Cell-surface hydrophobicity of Staphylococcus saprophyticus.

Abstract

The cell-surface hydrophobicity of 100 urinary isolates of Staphylococcus saprophyticus, cultured from symptomatic females in the general population, was assessed using a two-phase aqueous:hydrocarbon system. Relatively strong cell-surface hydrophobicity was exhibited by 79 isolates using the criteria employed, while only 2 of the remaining 21 isolates failed to demonstrate any detectable hydrophobicity. Cell-surface hydrophobicity may be a virulence factor of S. saprophyticus, important in adherence of the organism to uroepithelia. Additionally, the data support the concept that cell-surface hydrophobicity may be a useful predictor of clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from clinical sources.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (629K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Hovelius B, Mårdh PA. Staphylococcus saprophyticus as a common cause of urinary tract infections. Rev Infect Dis. 1984 May-Jun;6(3):328–337. [PubMed]
  • Hovelius B, Mårdh PA. Haemagglutination by Staphylococcus saprophyticus and other staphylococcal species. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B. 1979 Feb;87B(1):45–50. [PubMed]
  • Johnson GM, Lee DA, Regelmann WE, Gray ED, Peters G, Quie PG. Interference with granulocyte function by Staphylococcus epidermidis slime. Infect Immun. 1986 Oct;54(1):13–20. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Christensen GD, Simpson WA, Bisno AL, Beachey EH. Adherence of slime-producing strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis to smooth surfaces. Infect Immun. 1982 Jul;37(1):318–326. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Davenport DS, Massanari RM, Pfaller MA, Bale MJ, Streed SA, Hierholzer WJ., Jr Usefulness of a test for slime production as a marker for clinically significant infections with coagulase-negative staphylococci. J Infect Dis. 1986 Feb;153(2):332–339. [PubMed]
  • Mårdh PA, Colleen S, Hovelius B. Attachment of bacteria to exfoliated cells from the urogenital tract. Invest Urol. 1979 Mar;16(5):322–326. [PubMed]
  • Hogt AH, Dankert J, Feijen J. Adhesion of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus to a hydrophobic biomaterial. J Gen Microbiol. 1985 Sep;131(9):2485–2491. [PubMed]
  • Fleer A, Verhoef J, Pascual Hernandez A. Coagulase-negative staphylococci as nosocomial pathogens in neonates. The role of host defense, artificial devices, and bacterial hydrophobicity. Am J Med. 1986 Jun 30;80(6B):161–165. [PubMed]
  • Martin MA, Pfaller MA, Massanari RM, Wenzel RP. Use of cellular hydrophobicity, slime production, and species identification markers for the clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococcal isolates. Am J Infect Control. 1989 Jun;17(3):130–135. [PubMed]
  • Nicolle LE, Hoban SA, Harding GK. Characterization of coagulase-negative staphylococci from urinary tract specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Feb;17(2):267–271. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kloos WE, Schleifer KH. Simplified scheme for routine identification of human Staphylococcus species. J Clin Microbiol. 1975 Jan;1(1):82–88. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fowler JE, Jr, Stamey TA. Studies of introital colonization in women with recurrent urinary infections. VII. The role of bacterial adherence. J Urol. 1977 Apr;117(4):472–476. [PubMed]
  • Källenius G, Svenson SB, Möllby R, Korhonen T, Winberg J, Cedergren B, Helin I, Hultberg H. Carbohydrate receptor structures recognized by uropathogenic E. coli. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1982;33:52–60. [PubMed]
  • Schmidt H, Bukholm G, Holberg-Petersen M. Adhesiveness and invasiveness of staphylococcal species in a cell culture model. APMIS. 1989 Jul;97(7):655–660. [PubMed]
  • Almeida RJ, Jorgensen JH. Comparison of adherence and urine growth rate properties of Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Dec;3(6):542–545. [PubMed]
  • Pascual A, Fleer A, Westerdaal NA, Berghuis M, Verhoef J. Surface hydrophobicity and opsonic requirements of coagulase-negative staphylococci in suspension and adhering to a polymer substratum. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1988 Apr;7(2):161–166. [PubMed]
  • Romero-Steiner S, Witek T, Balish E. Adherence of skin bacteria to human epithelial cells. J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Jan;28(1):27–31. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ljungh A, Wadström T. Salt aggregation test for measuring cell surface hydrophobicity of urinary Escherichia coli. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1982 Dec;1(6):388–393. [PubMed]
  • Ljungh A, Wadström T. Fimbriation in relation to hydrophobicity of bacteria in urinary tract infections. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Dec;3(6):568–570. [PubMed]

Articles from Epidemiology and Infection are provided here courtesy of Cambridge University Press

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...