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Proc AMIA Symp. 2002 : 757–761.
PMCID: PMC2244274

Identification of patient name references within medical documents using semantic selectional restrictions.

Abstract

De-identification of a patient's personal data from medical records is a protective legal requirement imposed before medical documents can be used for research purposes or transferred to other healthcare providers (e.g., teachers, students, tele-consultations). This de-identification process is tedious if performed manually, and is known to be quite faulty in direct search and replace strategies [9]. In this paper, we report on the identification step of this process. The proposed algorithm is based on estimating the fitness of candidate patient name references to a set of semantic selectional restrictions. The semantic restrictions place tight contextual requirements upon candidate words in the report text and are determined automatically from a manually tagged corpus of training reports. Maximum entropy classifiers are used to provide a probabilistic measure of the belief of a given candidate token to a given semantic restriction. We report on the design and preliminary evaluation of the system within the do-main of pediatric urology.

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