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J Bacteriol. Mar 1984; 157(3): 718–726.
PMCID: PMC215317

Use of chromosomal integration in the establishment and expression of blaZ, a Staphylococcus aureus beta-lactamase gene, in Bacillus subtilis.


With several different vectors, attempts were made to establish blaZ, a Staphylococcus aureus beta-lactamase gene, in Bacillus subtilis. Stable establishment of blaZ in B. subtilis was achieved by use of a vector that allowed the integration of a single copy of the gene into the chromosome of that host. blaZ was expressed in the heterologous host since B. subtilis strains carrying integrated blaZ produced beta-lactamase and were more resistant to ampicillin than was wild-type B. subtilis. blaZ was stably inherited in such strains, as no loss of the ability to produce beta-lactamase was observed after growth in nonselective liquid medium or on solid medium. In contrast, a blaZ-containing restriction fragment could not be established in B. subtilis with either pUB110- or pC194-based vectors. Similarly, a pC194-based shuttle vector (pGX318) containing the 5' end of blaZ (including the promoter and the coding region for the signal sequence and the first few amino acids of the mature protein) was unable to transform B. subtilis. Two derivatives of pGX318 that could be stably established in B. subtilis were isolated. The structures of these derivatives suggested that inactivation of the blaZ promoter was associated with the acquisition of the ability to be established.

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Selected References

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