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J Bacteriol. Jun 1986; 166(3): 849–856.
PMCID: PMC215204

Suppressors of the secY24 mutation: identification and characterization of additional ssy genes in Escherichia coli.

Abstract

We previously reported (Shiba et al., J. Bacteriol. 160:696-701, 1984) the isolation and characterization of the mutation (ssy) that suppresses the protein export defect due to the secY24(Ts) mutation and causes cold-sensitive growth of Escherichia coli. This report describes more systematic isolation of ssy mutations. Among temperature-resistant revertants of the secY24 mutant, 65 mutants were found to be cold sensitive. These cold-sensitive mutations have been classified by genetic mapping. Twenty-two mutations fell into the ssyA class previously described. The remaining mutations were located at five new loci: ssyB at 9.5 min between tsx and lon; ssyD around 3 min; ssyE at 72.5 min near secY; ssyF at 20.5 min within rpsA; and ssyG at 69.0 min near argG. Two predominant classes, ssyA and ssyB, are probably affected in protein synthesis at the elongation step, whereas the ssyF mutant contained an altered form of ribosomal protein S1 (the gene product of rpsA). These cold-sensitive ssy mutations which suppress secY24 may define genes whose function is somehow involved in the secY-dependent protein secretion mechanism. However, the existence of multiple suppressor loci makes it unlikely that all of these genes specify additional components of the export machinery. A delicate balance may exist between the systems for synthesizing and exporting proteins.

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Selected References

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