• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of canfamphysLink to Publisher's site
Can Fam Physician. Oct 1996; 42: 1965–1971.
PMCID: PMC2146951

Clumsy children. Primer on developmental coordination disorder.

Abstract

The common assumption that children "grow out of" clumsiness is not supported by studies carried out over the last 15 years. About 6% of children lack the motor coordination to perform age-appropriate tasks. Greater awareness of this developmental coordination disorder will improve the rate of identification. Family physicians should incorporate questions about motor skills into their assessments of preschool children.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Gubbay SS. Clumsy children in normal schools. Med J Aust. 1975 Feb 22;1(8):233–236. [PubMed]
  • Henderson SE, Hall D. Concomitants of clumsiness in young schoolchildren. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1982 Aug;24(4):448–460. [PubMed]
  • Iloeje SO. Developmental apraxia among Nigerian children in Enugu, Nigeria. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1987 Aug;29(4):502–507. [PubMed]
  • Johnston O, Short H, Crawford J. Poorly coordinated children: a survey of 95 cases. Child Care Health Dev. 1987 Nov-Dec;13(6):361–376. [PubMed]
  • Roussounis SH, Gaussen TH, Stratton P. A 2-year follow-up study of children with motor coordination problems identified at school entry age. Child Care Health Dev. 1987 Nov-Dec;13(6):377–391. [PubMed]
  • Gillberg IC, Gillberg C, Groth J. Children with preschool minor neurodevelopmental disorders. V: Neurodevelopmental profiles at age 13. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1989 Feb;31(1):14–24. [PubMed]
  • Shaw L, Levine MD, Belfer M. Developmental double jeopardy: a study of clumsiness and self esteem in children with learning problems. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1982 Dec;3(4):191–196. [PubMed]
  • Dewey D, Roy EA, Square-Storer PA, Hayden D. Limb and oral praxic abilities of children with verbal sequencing deficits. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1988 Dec;30(6):743–751. [PubMed]
  • Shaffer D, Schonfeld I, O'Connor PA, Stokman C, Trautman P, Shafer S, Ng S. Neurological soft signs. Their relationship to psychiatric disorder and intelligence in childhood and adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985 Apr;42(4):342–351. [PubMed]
  • Hellgren L, Gillberg IC, Bågenholm A, Gillberg C. Children with deficits in attention, motor control and perception (DAMP) almost grown up: psychiatric and personality disorders at age 16 years. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1994 Oct;35(7):1255–1271. [PubMed]
  • Johnston O, Crawford J, Short H, Smyth TR, Moller J. Poor co-ordination in 5 year olds: a screening test for use in schools. Aust Paediatr J. 1987 Jun;23(3):157–161. [PubMed]
  • Bax M, Whitmore K. Neurodevelopmental screening in the school-entrant medical examination. Lancet. 1973 Aug 18;2(7825):368–370. [PubMed]
  • Wilson B, Pollock N, Kaplan BJ, Law M, Faris P. Reliability and construct validity of the Clinical Observations of Motor and Postural Skills. Am J Occup Ther. 1992 Sep;46(9):775–783. [PubMed]
  • Stephenson E, McKay C, Chesson R. The identification and treatment of motor/learning difficulties: parents' perceptions and the role of the therapist. Child Care Health Dev. 1991 Mar-Apr;17(2):91–113. [PubMed]
  • Fox AM. Special educational needs of the physically disabled child and adolescent. Pediatrician. 1986;13(2-3):133–140. [PubMed]
  • Mathus-Vliegen LM, Res AM. Dexfenfluramine influences dietary compliance and eating behavior, but dietary instruction may overrule its effect on food selection in obese subjects. J Am Diet Assoc. 1993 Oct;93(10):1163–1165. [PubMed]
  • Polatajko HJ, Macnab JJ, Anstett B, Malloy-Miller T, Murphy K, Noh S. A clinical trial of the process-oriented treatment approach for children with developmental co-ordination disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1995 Apr;37(4):310–319. [PubMed]
  • Schoemaker MM, Hijlkema MG, Kalverboer AF. Physiotherapy for clumsy children: an evaluation study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1994 Feb;36(2):143–155. [PubMed]

Articles from Canadian Family Physician are provided here courtesy of College of Family Physicians of Canada

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...