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J Bacteriol. 1986 Mar; 165(3): 937–941.
PMCID: PMC214519

Isolation of Erwinia chrysanthemi kduD mutants altered in pectin degradation.


Mutants of Erwinia chrysanthemi impaired in pectin degradation were isolated by chemical and Mu d(Ap lac) insertion mutagenesis. A mutation in the kduD gene coding for 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate oxidoreductase prevented the growth of the bacteria on polygalacturonate as the sole carbon source. Analysis of the kduD::Mu d(Ap lac) insertions indicated that kduD is either an isolated gene or the last gene of a polycistronic operon. Some of the Mu d(Ap lac) insertions were kduD-lac fusions in which beta-galactosidase synthesis reflected kduD gene expression. In all these fusions, beta-galactosidase activity was shown to be sensitive to catabolite repression by glucose and to be inducible by polygalacturonate, galacturonate, and other intermediates of polygalacturonate catabolism. Galacturonate-mediated induction was prevented by a mutation which blocked its metabolism to 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate. 2-Keto-3-deoxygluconate appeared to be the true inducer of kduD expression resulting from galacturonate degradation. 5-Keto-4-deoxyuronate or 2,5-diketo-3-deoxygluconate were the true inducers, originating from polygalacturonate cleavage. These three intermediates also appeared to induce pectate lyases, oligogalacturonate lyase, and 5-keto-4-deoxyuronate isomerase synthesis.

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