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J Hyg (Lond). Mar 1973; 71(1): 89–95.
PMCID: PMC2130434

An epidemic of influenza on Tristan da Cunha

Abstract

Respiratory disease on Tristan da Cunha has been observed since the islanders returned in 1962. An epidemic of unprecedented severity occurred in the winter of 1971 and involved 273 (96%) of 284 islanders, 92 of whom had two attacks.

The epidemic was apparently introduced by the Tristania.

The illness of both first and second attacks ranged from mild to severe but there were some differences. There were two deaths, both in elderly persons with chronic chest disease and heart failure. Serological evidence suggests that this was due to influenza A2 of the Hong Kong serotype H3N2.

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Selected References

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  • BLACK JA, LEWIS HE, THACKER CK, THOULD AK. TRISTAN DA CUNHA: GENERAL MEDICAL INVESTIGATIONS. Br Med J. 1963 Oct 26;2(5364):1018–1024. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hammond BJ, Tyrrell DA. A mathematical model of common-cold epidemics on Tristan da Cunha. J Hyg (Lond) 1971 Sep;69(3):423–433. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shibli M, Gooch S, Lewis HE, Tyrrell DA. Common colds on Tristan da Cunha. J Hyg (Lond) 1971 Jun;69(2):255–255. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Tyrrell DA, Peto M, King N. Serological studies on infections by respiratory viruses of the inhabitants of Tristan da Cunha. J Hyg (Lond) 1967 Sep;65(3):327–341. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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