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J Bacteriol. Jul 1988; 170(7): 3249–3254.
PMCID: PMC211277

Physiology of behavioral mutants of Rhizobium meliloti: evidence for a dual chemotaxis pathway.


Wild-type and nonchemotactic mutant strains of Rhizobium meliloti were tested for attraction to localized sites on alfalfa roots and for attraction to numerous small molecules, including sugars, amino acids, and two fractions derived from alfalfa root extracts. Four strains (carrying mutations che-6, che-11, che-12, and che-26) lost all responses and were classified as generally nonchemotactic mutants. One strain (carrying mutation che-7) lost responses to a group of structurally unrelated amino acids but retained all other responses and was classified as a putative sensory transducer mutant. Two strains (carrying mutations che-1 and che-3) lost responses to all the amino acids and sugars tested but retained normal responses to localized sites on roots and to the root fractions. These two mutant strains could not be classified according to the generally accepted model for a sensory pathway, derived from studies of enteric bacteria, and provided evidence for a dual chemotaxis pathway in R. meliloti.

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Selected References

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