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J Bacteriol. Sep 1989; 171(9): 5031–5038.
PMCID: PMC210314

The predicted protein product of a pathogenicity locus from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola is homologous to a highly conserved domain of several procaryotic regulatory proteins.

Abstract

A ca. 20-kilobase (kb) region (hrp) that controls the interaction of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola with its host (pathogenicity) and nonhost plants (hypersensitive reaction) was previously cloned and partially characterized. In this study we defined the limits and determined the nucleotide sequence of a hrp locus (hrpS), located near the right end of the hrp cluster. The largest open reading frame (ORF302) in hrpS has a coding capacity for a 302-amino-acid polypeptide. The predicted amino acid sequence of the translation product of ORF302 (HrpS) shows significant similarity to several procaryotic regulatory proteins, including the NtrC, NifA, and DctD proteins of Rhizobium spp., the NtrC and NifA proteins of Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the TyrR protein of Escherichia coli. These proteins regulate diverse operons involved in nitrogen fixation, transport and metabolism of amino acids, and transport of C-4 dicarboxylic acids. The HrpS protein appears to be the shortest naturally occurring member of this family of proteins, corresponding for the most part to the highly conserved central domain of these proteins, which contains a putative ATP-binding site. A C-terminal segment analogous to the less-well-conserved domain, involved in DNA binding of NtrC and NifA, is also present in HrpS. These similarities suggest that HrpS is a regulatory protein. In line with this prediction is the finding that a functional hrpS gene is necessary for the activation of another hrp locus during the plant-bacterium interaction.

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