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J Bacteriol. Oct 1993; 175(20): 6459–6466.
PMCID: PMC206754

A new lipopeptide biosurfactant produced by Arthrobacter sp. strain MIS38.


A biosurfactant termed arthrofactin produced by Arthrobacter species strain MIS38 was purified and chemically characterized as 3-hydroxydecanoyl-D-leucyl-D-asparagyl-D-threonyl-D- leucyl-D-leucyl-D-seryl-L-leucyl-D-seryl-L-isoleucyl-L-isoleucyl-L-as paragyl lactone. Surface activity of arthrofactin was examined, with surfactin as a control. Critical micelle concentration values of arthrofactin and surfactin were around 1.0 x 10(-5) M and 7.0 x 10(-5) M at 25 degrees C, respectively. Arthrofactin was found to be five to seven times more effective than surfactin. The minimum surface tension value of arthrofactin was 24 mN/m at a concentration higher than the critical micelle concentration. According to the oil displacement assay, arthrofactin was a better oil remover than synthetic surfactants, such as Triton X-100 and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Arthrofactin is one of the most effective lipopeptide biosurfactants.

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