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J Bacteriol. Aug 1993; 175(15): 4859–4869.
PMCID: PMC204939

Molecular analysis of avirulence gene avrRpt2 and identification of a putative regulatory sequence common to all known Pseudomonas syringae avirulence genes.

Abstract

The avrRpt2 locus from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato causes virulent strains of P. syringae to be avirulent on some, but not all, lines of Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max (soybean). We determined the DNA sequence of the avrRpt2 locus and identified the avrRpt2 gene as a 768-bp open reading frame encoding a putative 28.2-kDa protein. Deletion analysis and transcription studies provided further evidence that this open reading frame encodes AvrRpt2. We found that the avrRpt2 gene also has avirulence activity in P. syringae pathogens of Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean), suggesting that disease resistance genes specific to avrRpt2 are functionally conserved among diverse plant species. The predicted AvrRpt2 protein is hydrophilic and contains no obvious membrane-spanning domains or export signal sequences, and there was no significant similarity of AvrRpt2 to sequences in the GenBank, EMBL, or Swiss PIR data bases. A comparison of the avrRpt2 DNA sequence to nine other P. syringae avirulence genes revealed a highly conserved sequence, GGAACCNA-N14-CCACNNA, upstream of the translation initiation codon. This motif is located 6 to 8 nucleotides upstream of the transcription start site in all four P. syringae avirulence genes for which a transcription start site has been determined, suggesting a role as a binding site for a novel form of RNA polymerase. Regulation of avrRpt2 was similar to other P. syringae avirulence genes; expression was high in minimal medium and low in rich medium and depended on the hrpRS locus and an additional locus at the opposite end of the hrp cluster of P. syringae pv. tomato.

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Selected References

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