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J Bacteriol. Apr 1993; 175(7): 2157–2161.
PMCID: PMC204335

Heat shock-induced axenic growth of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus.

Abstract

The bdellovibrios are obligately predatory bacteria that attack other gram-negative bacteria. They grow only in the periplasmic space of prey unless they mutate to forms that can grow axenically. A culture medium that promoted enhanced growth of prey-independent bdellovibrios was developed. The ability of this medium to support the growth of prey-dependent bdellovibrios was tested under transcription-altering conditions. This approach tested the hypothesis that the inability to grow prey-dependent bdellovibrios in artificial media was rooted in both nutritional and transcriptional signal deficiencies. It was assumed that nutritional deficiencies had been resolved and that empirically applied artificial signals may evoke the expression of genes required for axenic growth of bdellovibrios. Prey-dependent bdellovibrios could be grown in PPYE medium (0.1% proteose peptone 3 and 0.03% Bacto yeast extract adjusted to pH 7.0 and supplemented with 3 mM MgCl2 and 2 mM CaCl2 after autoclaving) after heat shock, and subsequent rounds of growth occurred after additional heat shocks. Heat shock may have generated or simulated signals normally derived from prey.

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Selected References

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