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Am J Pathol. Oct 1972; 69(1): 79–88.
PMCID: PMC2032774

A Comparative Immunohistochemical Study of Splenic Arterial Hyalinosis in Health and Disease

Abstract

Hyaline deposits in arterioles and arteries of spleen were studied immunohistochemically. Hyaline lesions in arteriosclerotic heart disease were characterized by significant deposits of IgG, IgM, β1C-β 1A-globulins and β-lipoproteins. These corresponded to histochemically stained deposits of acid mucopolysaccharides and microscopic areas of musculoelastic tissue damage in the hyaline masses. While, in young adults and a few other cases of other diseases, an occasional granular to linear deposit of IgG, IgM, β1C-β 1A-globulin and β-lipoprotein was noted, no localization of IgA, rabbit antihuman fibrin and rabbit antihuman fibrinogen was seen. A variety of other histochemical staining reactions were found to be negative. These findings suggest that: a) hyaline deposits in splenic arterioles and arteries occur with greater severity in patients with hypertensive and arteriosclerotic heart disease; b) a possible abnormality related to filtration defects in arteries and arterioles, resulting in the trapping of plasma proteins, appears likely; c) increased localization of acid mucopolysaccharides and destruction of musculoelastic tissue is not an uncommon feature in hyaline masses; d) fibrin is not a component of these deposits and e) further study of other organs is necesary to observe the composition of hyaline in arterioles and arteries.

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