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Appl Environ Microbiol. Jul 1989; 55(7): 1796–1800.
PMCID: PMC202952

Phenotypic and genomic studies of "Cytophaga psychrophila" isolated from diseased rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in France.


Five strains of gliding bacteria were isolated in France from farmed diseased rainbow trouts reared at low water temperature. The resemblance of these bacteria to the known fish pathogen "Cytophaga psychrophila" led to their comparative study with reference strain NCMB 1947 and with an American isolate. Morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of the seven strains proved to be similar. Comparison of their DNA by the S1 nuclease DNA-DNA hybridization method showed that the seven strains formed a tight genomic species with DNA relatedness above 90%. This is the first identification of this fish pathogen in a European country. The main phenotypic characteristics differentiating this bacterium from other nonpathogenic gliding bacteria of fish origin include a poor gliding movement, yellow compact or weakly rhizoid colonies on solid media, and the presence of flexirubin-type pigments. The inability to metabolize any carbohydrates, the strong proteolytic activity, the absence of growth in more than 0.5% NaCl, and the tolerance to a maximum temperature of 25 degrees C are also useful characteristics of this group of bacteria.

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Selected References

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