• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of aemPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalAEM ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
Appl Environ Microbiol. Apr 1994; 60(4): 1078–1086.
PMCID: PMC201442

Genetic analysis of hrp-related DNA sequences of Xanthomonas campestris strains causing diseases of citrus.


The hrp gene cluster of strains of Xanthomonas campestris that cause diseases of citrus was examined by Southern hybridization of genomic DNA and by restriction endonuclease analysis of enzymatically amplified DNA fragments of the hrp gene cluster. The hrp genes were present in all strains of the pathovars of X. campestris tested in this study, including strains of the three aggressiveness groups of the citrus bacterial spot pathogen, X. campestris pv. citrumelo. X. campestris pv. citri strains in groups A, B, and C, which cause citrus canker A, B, and C, respectively, each produced characteristic restriction banding patterns of amplified hrp fragments. The restriction banding patterns of all strains within each group were identical. In contrast, restriction fragment length polymorphism was evident among strains of the moderately and weakly aggressive groups of X. campestris pv. citrumelo. X. campestris pv. citrumelo strains in the highly aggressive group had a homogeneous restriction banding pattern. The characteristic banding patterns obtained for each bacterial group indicate that X. campestris strains causing disease in citrus can be reliably differentiated and identified by restriction analysis of amplified DNA fragments of the hrp gene cluster. In addition, the phylogenetic analysis based on the restriction banding patterns of amplified fragments suggests a polyphyletic relationship of the hrp genes among the strains of X. campestris that cause disease in citrus.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (2.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Boucher CA, Van Gijsegem F, Barberis PA, Arlat M, Zischek C. Pseudomonas solanacearum genes controlling both pathogenicity on tomato and hypersensitivity on tobacco are clustered. J Bacteriol. 1987 Dec;169(12):5626–5632. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Egel DS, Graham JH, Stall RE. Genomic Relatedness of Xanthomonas campestris Strains Causing Diseases of Citrus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1991 Sep;57(9):2724–2730. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Feinberg AP, Vogelstein B. A technique for radiolabeling DNA restriction endonuclease fragments to high specific activity. Anal Biochem. 1983 Jul 1;132(1):6–13. [PubMed]
  • Fitch WM, Margoliash E. Construction of phylogenetic trees. Science. 1967 Jan 20;155(3760):279–284. [PubMed]
  • Peterson JR, Smillie TJ, Rogers RD. Platelet activating factor antagonist design: structure of methyl trans-5-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2-oxo-4- furancarboxylate. Acta Crystallogr C. 1989 Feb 15;45(Pt 2):297–300. [PubMed]
  • Leite RP, Jr, Minsavage GV, Bonas U, Stall RE. Detection and identification of phytopathogenic Xanthomonas strains by amplification of DNA sequences related to the hrp genes of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994 Apr;60(4):1068–1077. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lindgren PB, Peet RC, Panopoulos NJ. Gene cluster of Pseudomonas syringae pv. "phaseolicola" controls pathogenicity of bean plants and hypersensitivity of nonhost plants. J Bacteriol. 1986 Nov;168(2):512–522. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Nei M, Li WH. Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1979 Oct;76(10):5269–5273. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Southern EM. Detection of specific sequences among DNA fragments separated by gel electrophoresis. J Mol Biol. 1975 Nov 5;98(3):503–517. [PubMed]

Articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...