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Appl Environ Microbiol. Aug 1992; 58(8): 2360–2367.
PMCID: PMC195787

Cloning, expression, and nucleotide sequence of genes involved in production of pediocin PA-1, and bacteriocin from Pediococcus acidilactici PAC1.0.


The production of pediocin PA-1, a small heat-stable bacteriocin, is associated with the presence of the 9.4-kbp plasmid pSRQ11 in Pediococcus acidilactici PAC1.0. It was shown by subcloning of pSRQ11 in Escherichia coli cloning vectors that pediocin PA-1 is produced and, most probably, secreted by E. coli cells. Deletion analysis showed that a 5.6-kbp SalI-EcoRI fragment derived from pSRQ11 is required for pediocin PA-1 production. Nucleotide sequence analysis of this 5.6-kbp fragment indicated the presence of four clustered open reading frames (pedA, pedB, pedC, and pedD). The pedA gene encodes a 62-amino-acid precursor of pediocin PA-1, as the predicted amino acid residues 19 to 62 correspond entirely to the amino acid sequence of the purified pediocin PA-1. Introduction of a mutation in pedA resulted in a complete loss of pediocin production. The pedB and pedC genes, encoding proteins of 112 and 174 amino acid residues, respectively, are located directly downstream of the pediocin structural gene. Functions could not be assigned to their gene products; mutation analysis showed that the PedB protein is not involved in pediocin PA-1 production. The mutation analysis further revealed that the fourth gene, pedD, specifying a relatively large protein of 724 amino acids, is required for pediocin PA-1 production in E. coli. The predicted pedD protein shows strong similarities to several ATP-dependent transport proteins, including the E. coli hemolysin secretion protein HlyB and the ComA protein, which is required for competence induction for genetic transformation in Streptococcus pneumoniae.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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