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Can Med Assoc J. Mar 8, 1975; 112(5): 575–577.
PMCID: PMC1956268

Inuit myopia: an environmentally induced "epidemic"?

Abstract

Among Inuit less than 30 years old the prevalence of myopia is far in excess of that of their elders. This is especially true for females. There seems to be little, if any, genetic contribution to this "epidemic" of myopia in the young. The age and sex distribution indicates the likelihood of an environmental factor, probably cultural, being responsible for the current pattern. Other data implicate school attendance as a possible etiologic factor.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Morgan RW, Munro M. Refractive problems in Northern natives. Can J Ophthalmol. 1973 Apr;8(2):226–228. [PubMed]
  • Young FA, Leary GA. The inheritance of ocular components. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom. 1972 Jul;49(7):546–555. [PubMed]
  • Sorsby A, Leary GA, Fraser GR. Family studies on ocular refraction and its components. J Med Genet. 1966 Dec;3(4):269–273. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • GARDINER PA. The relation of myopia to growth. Lancet. 1954 Mar 6;266(6810):476–479. [PubMed]
  • YOUNG FA. THE EFFECT OF RESTRICTED VISUAL SPACE ON THE REFRACTIVE ERROR OF THE YOUNG MONKEY EYE. Invest Ophthalmol. 1963 Dec;2:571–577. [PubMed]

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