• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of molmedLink to Publisher's site
Mol Med. Mar 2001; 7(3): 149–158.
PMCID: PMC1950029

The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP): structural integrity, expression, function, and its clinical relevance.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), a member of the family of ABC transporters, plays a crucial role in the processing and presentation of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I restricted antigens. TAP transports peptides from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum, thereby selecting peptides matching in length and sequence to respective MHC class I molecules. Upon loading on MHC class I molecules, the trimeric MHC class I/beta2-microglobulin/ peptide complex is then transported to the cell surface and presented to CD8+ cytotoxic T cells. Abnormalities in MHC class I surface expression have been found in a number of different malignancies, including tumors of distinct histology, viral infections, and autoimmune diseases, and therefore represent an important mechanism of malignant or virus-infected cells to escape proper immune response. In many cases, this downregulation has been attributed to impaired TAP expression, which could be due to structural alterations or dysregulation. This review summarizes the physiology and pathophysiology of TAP, thereby focusing on its function in immune responses and its role in human diseases.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (181K).

Articles from Molecular Medicine are provided here courtesy of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research at North Shore LIJ

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...