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J Virol. Mar 1996; 70(3): 2022–2026.
PMCID: PMC190033

Predominant involvement of CD8+CD28- lymphocytes in human immunodeficiency virus-specific cytotoxic activity.

Abstract

Distinct functional CD8+ T-cell populations have been observed during human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. One of these functions is the inhibition of viral replication by a noncytotoxic mechanism, which was shown to be mediated by the CD8+CD28+ subpopulation. On the other hand, CD8+ T cells exert an HIV-specific cytotoxic activity. The present study shows that CD8+CD28- lymphocytes display this HIV-specific cytotoxic activity, which is detectable immediately after the cells are purified from peripheral blood. The CD28- population is also able to proliferate and to retain its cytotoxic activity after in vitro restimulation with autologous blast cells. Finally, HIV-specific cytotoxic T cells can be obtained in vitro from the CD8+CD28+ population.

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Selected References

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