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Br J Pharmacol. Nov 1988; 95(3): 957–965.
PMCID: PMC1854208

A comparison between the in vivo and in vitro activity of five potent and competitive NMDA antagonists.


1. Phosphonate analogues of glutamate have been tested and compared as N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists in electrophysiological and binding experiments. The compounds tested were three established NMDA antagonists: D-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5), DL-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate (DL-AP7), 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonate (CPP), and two novel putative NMDA antagonists: 3-(2-carboxypiperidin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonate (CPPP) and 3-(2-carboxy-piperidin-4-yl)methyl-1-phosphonate (CPMP). 2. When administered electrophoretically to rat spinal neurones in vivo, these compounds were found to be selective NMDA antagonists with little effect on excitations evoked by quisqualate and kainate. CPMP and CPPP were approximately equipotent with CPP and about 5 times more potent than D-AP5. 3. Following systemic administration, 2-5 mg kg-1 i.v. of CPP, CPMP and CPPP reduced NMDA-evoked excitations by 70-100% whereas 50-100 mg kg-1 of D-AP5 and DL-AP7 produced a similar effect. The onset of the effects required 20-30 min and lasted more than six hours. 4. On bath application to cortical wedges, the IC50 values (microM) for antagonism of 40 microM NMDA were: CPP, 0.64 +/- 0.06 (mean +/- s.e.mean; n greater than 4); CPMP, 1.65 +/- 0.13; CPPP 0.89 +/- 0.09; D-AP5, 3.7 +/- 0.32; DL-AP7, 11.1 +/- 2.1; and DL-AP4 and DL-AP6 were inactive at 100 microM.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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