• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of bmjBMJ helping doctors make better decisionsSearch bmj.comLatest content
BMJ. Oct 14, 1989; 299(6705): 958–960.
PMCID: PMC1837779

Ethnic differences in general practitioner consultations.


OBJECTIVE--To examine the levels of general practitioner consultations among the different ethnic groups resident in Britain. DESIGN--The study was based on the British general household surveys of 1983-5 and included 63,966 people aged 0-64. Odds ratios were derived for consultation by ethnic group by using logistic regression analysis adjusting for age and socioeconomic group. SETTING--The results relate to people living in private households in England, Scotland, and Wales. RESULTS--After adjustment for age and socioeconomic class, consultation among adults aged 16-64 was highest among people of Pakistani origin with odds ratios of 2.82 (95% confidence interval 1.86 to 4.28) for men and 1.85 (1.22 to 2.81) for women. Significantly higher consultations were also seen for men of West Indian and Indian origin (odds ratios 1.65 and 1.53 respectively). Ethnic differences were greatest at ages 45-64, when consultation rates in people of Pakistani, Indian, and West Indian origin were much higher in both sexes compared with white people. CONCLUSIONS--The ethnic composition of inner cities is likely to influence the workload and case mix of general practitioners working in these areas.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (656K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Balarajan R, Bulusu L, Adelstein AM, Shukla V. Patterns of mortality among migrants to England and Wales from the Indian subcontinent. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Nov 3;289(6453):1185–1187. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Donaldson LJ, Taylor JB. Patterns of Asian and non-Asian morbidity in hospitals. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983 Mar 19;286(6369):949–951. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cruickshank JK, Beevers DG, Osbourne VL, Haynes RA, Corlett JC, Selby S. Heart attack, stroke, diabetes, and hypertension in West Indians, Asians, and whites in Birmingham, England. Br Med J. 1980 Oct 25;281(6248):1108–1108. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Balarajan R, Yuen P, Machin D. Socioeconomic differentials in the uptake of medical care in Great Britain. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1987 Sep;41(3):196–199. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Johnson MR, Cross M, Cardew SA. Inner-city residents, ethnic minorities and primary health care. Postgrad Med J. 1983 Oct;59(696):664–667. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Baker CC, Pocock SJ. Ethnic differences in certified sickness absence. Br J Ind Med. 1982 Aug;39(3):277–282. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Balarajan R, Soni Raleigh V, Botting B. Sudden infant death syndrome and postneonatal mortality in immigrants in England and Wales. BMJ. 1989 Mar 18;298(6675):716–720. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lumb KM, Congdon PJ, Lealman GT. A comparative review of Asian and British-born maternity patients in Bradford, 1974-8. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1981 Jun;35(2):106–109. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from BMJ : British Medical Journal are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...