• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of archdischArchives of Disease in ChildhoodVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Arch Dis Child. Aug 1987; 62(8): 786–791.
PMCID: PMC1778463

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and lower respiratory tract illness in early life.

Abstract

In a national study of 12,743 children maternal, but not paternal, smoking was confirmed as having a significant influence on the reported incidence of bronchitis and admission to hospital for lower respiratory tract illness during the first five years of life. Reported rates of admissions to hospital for lower respiratory tract diseases were found to be as high in children born to mothers who stopped smoking during pregnancy as in those whose mothers smoked continuously both during and after pregnancy. Rates of admissions to hospital for lower respiratory tract diseases in children whose mothers started smoking only postnatally were no higher than in those whose mothers remained non-smokers. Postnatal smoking seemed to exert a significant influence on the reported incidence of bronchitis, but less than smoking during pregnancy. These findings suggest that maternal smoking influences the incidence of respiratory illnesses in children mainly through a congenital effect, and only to a lesser extent through passive exposure after birth.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (815K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Harlap S, Davies AM. Infant admissions to hospital and maternal smoking. Lancet. 1974 Mar 30;1(7857):529–532. [PubMed]
  • Colley JR, Holland WW, Corkhill RT. Influence of passive smoking and parental phlegm on pneumonia and bronchitis in early childhood. Lancet. 1974 Nov 2;2(7888):1031–1034. [PubMed]
  • Leeder SR, Corkhill R, Irwig LM, Holland WW, Colley JR. Influence of family factors on the incidence of lower respiratory illness during the first year of life. Br J Prev Soc Med. 1976 Dec;30(4):203–212. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Shannon FT. Parental smoking and respiratory illness in infancy. Arch Dis Child. 1980 May;55(5):358–361. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Butler NR, Goldstein H, Ross EM. Cigarette smoking in pregnancy: its influence on birth weight and perinatal mortality. Br Med J. 1972 Apr 15;2(5806):127–130. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kline J, Stein ZA, Susser M, Warburton D. Smoking: a risk factor for spontaneous abortion. N Engl J Med. 1977 Oct 13;297(15):793–796. [PubMed]
  • Alberman ED, Goldstein H. Possible teratogenic effect of cigarette smoking. Nature. 1971 Jun 25;231(5304):529–530. [PubMed]
  • Evans DR, Newcombe RG, Campbell H. Maternal smoking habits and congenital malformations: a population study. Br Med J. 1979 Jul 21;2(6183):171–173. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Christianson RE. The relationship between maternal smoking and the incidence of congenital anomalies. Am J Epidemiol. 1980 Nov;112(5):684–695. [PubMed]
  • Asmussen I. Fetal cardiovascular system as influenced by maternal smoking. Clin Cardiol. 1979 Aug;2(4):246–256. [PubMed]
  • Holt PG, Keast D. Environmentally induced changes in immunological function: acute and chronic effects of inhalation of tobacco smoke and other atmospheric contaminants in man and experimental animals. Bacteriol Rev. 1977 Mar;41(1):205–216. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Paganelli R, Ramadas D, Layward L, Harvey BA, Soothill JF. Maternal smoking and cord blood immunity function. Clin Exp Immunol. 1979 May;36(2):256–259. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Chandra RK. Fetal malnutrition and postnatal immunocompetence. Am J Dis Child. 1975 Apr;129(4):450–454. [PubMed]
  • Taylor B, Wadsworth J, Butler NR. Teenage mothering, admission to hospital, and accidents during the first 5 years. Arch Dis Child. 1983 Jan;58(1):6–11. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Shannon FT, Taylor B. Breast-feeding, gastrointestinal and lower respiratory illness in the first two years. Aust Paediatr J. 1981 Sep;17(3):191–195. [PubMed]
  • Watkins CJ, Burton P, Leeder S, Sittampalam Y, Wever AM, Wiggins R. Doctor diagnosis and maternal recall of lower respiratory illness. Int J Epidemiol. 1982 Mar;11(1):62–66. [PubMed]

Articles from Archives of Disease in Childhood are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...