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J Bacteriol. Feb 1995; 177(3): 818–822.
PMCID: PMC176663

Enzymatic synthesis of aminocyclitol moieties of aminoglycoside antibiotics from inositol by Streptomyces spp.: detection of glutamine-aminocyclitol aminotransferase and diaminocyclitol aminotransferase activities in a spectinomycin producer.

Abstract

Extracts of stationary-phase mycelia of the spectinomycin producer Streptomyces flavopersicus ATCC 19756 catalyzed inositol dehydrogenase, L-glutamine:inosose aminotransferase, 2-epi-streptamine:inosose aminotransferase, streptamine:inosose aminotransferase, N3-methyl-2-deoxystreptamine:inosose aminotransferase, and aminodeoxy-scyllo-inositol:inosose aminotransferase reactions, as detected with a new rapid assay procedure. These results suggest that one or both amino groups of the N1,N3-dimethyl-2-epi-streptamine moiety of spectinomycin are derived by transamination from the alpha-amino group of L-glutamine. An enzymatic procedure for distinguishing among N1- and N3-monomethyl diaminocyclitol derivatives and their diaminocyclitol biosynthetic precursors is described. A scheme showing key roles of glutamine-aminocyclitol aminotransferases in biosynthesis of major aminoglycoside antibiotics is presented.

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Selected References

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