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Logo of tobcontTobacco ControlCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Tob Control. Mar 2001; 10(1): 9–15.
PMCID: PMC1763974

The Florida "truth" anti-tobacco media evaluation: design, first year results, and implications for planning future state media evaluations


OBJECTIVES—To outline the design and present selected findings from the evaluation of a state counter-advertising, anti-tobacco media campaign. The appropriateness of the design for states developing media evaluations is discussed.
DESIGN—Four cross sectional, telephone surveys of the 12-17 year old population were used to track and monitor advertising and campaign awareness, confirmed awareness, and receptivity. The Florida baseline and one year surveys were used with two parallel national surveys in a quasi-experimental design to assess attitude and smoking related behaviour change attributable to the campaign.
MEASURES—Awareness was measured by self report, confirmed awareness by unaided description, and receptivity by self reports of how well advertisements were liked, talked to friends about, and made one think about whether or not to smoke. Eleven attitude and three smoking behaviour items for Florida (treatment) and a national (control) population were compared at baseline and after 12 months.
RESULTS—Significant increases in ad specific awareness, confirmed, receptivity, and campaign awareness, and confirmed awareness were reached by the sixth week. They continued to rise through the first year. No attitude and only minor behaviour differences were noted between the treatment and comparison populations at baseline. By the end of the first year, Florida youth had stronger anti-tobacco attitudes and better behaviour patterns than the comparison population.
CONCLUSIONS—The industry manipulation strategy used in the Florida campaign resulted in high rates of recall, significant changes in attitudes/beliefs, and reduced rates of smoking behaviour among youth.

Keywords: anti-tobacco advertising campaign; youth; Florida

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Goldman LK, Glantz SA. Evaluation of antismoking advertising campaigns. JAMA. 1998 Mar 11;279(10):772–777. [PubMed]
  • Balbach ED, Glantz SA. Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. Tob Control. 1998 Winter;7(4):397–408. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sly DF, Heald G, Hopkins RS, Moore TW, McCloskey M, Ray S. The industry manipulation attitudes of smokers and nonsmokers. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2000 May;6(3):49–56. [PubMed]

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