• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of oenvmedOccupational and Environmental MedicineCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Occup Environ Med. Dec 2002; 59(12): 794–799.
PMCID: PMC1763601

Mortality among US and UK veterans of the Persian Gulf War: a review

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (118K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Helmkamp JC. United States military casualty comparison during the Persian Gulf War. J Occup Med. 1994 Jun;36(6):609–615. [PubMed]
  • Murphy FM, Kang H, Dalager NA, Lee KY, Allen RE, Mather SH, Kizer KW. The health status of Gulf War veterans: lessons learned from the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Registry. Mil Med. 1999 May;164(5):327–331. [PubMed]
  • Joseph SC. A comprehensive clinical evaluation of 20,000 Persian Gulf War veterans. Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program Evaluation Team. Mil Med. 1997 Mar;162(3):149–155. [PubMed]
  • Gray GC, Hawksworth AW, Smith TC, Kang HK, Knoke JD, Gackstetter GD. Gulf War Veterans' Health Registries. Who is most likely to seek evaluation? Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Aug 15;148(4):343–349. [PubMed]
  • Cowan DN, DeFraites RF, Gray GC, Goldenbaum MB, Wishik SM. The risk of birth defects among children of Persian Gulf War veterans. N Engl J Med. 1997 Jun 5;336(23):1650–1656. [PubMed]
  • Gray GC, Kaiser KS, Hawksworth AW, Hall FW, Barrett-Connor E. Increased postwar symptoms and psychological morbidity among U.S. Navy Gulf War veterans. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 May;60(5):758–766. [PubMed]
  • Fukuda K, Nisenbaum R, Stewart G, Thompson WW, Robin L, Washko RM, Noah DL, Barrett DH, Randall B, Herwaldt BL, et al. Chronic multisymptom illness affecting Air Force veterans of the Gulf War. JAMA. 1998 Sep 16;280(11):981–988. [PubMed]
  • Gray GC, Coate BD, Anderson CM, Kang HK, Berg SW, Wignall FS, Knoke JD, Barrett-Connor E. The postwar hospitalization experience of U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War. N Engl J Med. 1996 Nov 14;335(20):1505–1513. [PubMed]
  • Writer JV, DeFraites RF, Brundage JF. Comparative mortality among US military personnel in the Persian Gulf region and worldwide during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. JAMA. 1996 Jan 10;275(2):118–121. [PubMed]
  • Kang HK, Bullman TA. Mortality among U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War. N Engl J Med. 1996 Nov 14;335(20):1498–1504. [PubMed]
  • Kang HK, Bullman TA. Mortality among US veterans of the Persian Gulf War: 7-year follow-up. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Sep 1;154(5):399–405. [PubMed]
  • Macfarlane GJ, Thomas E, Cherry N. Mortality among UK Gulf War veterans. Lancet. 2000 Jul 1;356(9223):17–21. [PubMed]
  • Page WF, Mahan CM, Kang HK. Vital status ascertainment through the files of the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Social Security Administration. Ann Epidemiol. 1996 Mar;6(2):102–109. [PubMed]
  • Kang HK, Bullman T. Counterpoint: Negligible "healthy-warrior effect" on Gulf War Veterans' mortality. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Aug 15;148(4):324–338. [PubMed]
  • Gray GC, Knoke JD, Berg SW, Wignall FS, Barrett-Connor E. Counterpoint: Responding to suppositions and misunderstandings. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Aug 15;148(4):328–338. [PubMed]
  • Engel LW, Strauchen JA, Chiazze L, Jr, Heid M. Accuracy of death certification in an autopsied population with specific attention to malignant neoplasms and vascular diseases. Am J Epidemiol. 1980 Jan;111(1):99–112. [PubMed]
  • Percy C, Stanek E, 3rd, Gloeckler L. Accuracy of cancer death certificates and its effect on cancer mortality statistics. Am J Public Health. 1981 Mar;71(3):242–250. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Seltzer CC, Jablon S. Effects of selection on mortality. Am J Epidemiol. 1974 Nov;100(5):367–372. [PubMed]
  • Rothberg JM, Bartone PT, Holloway HC, Marlowe DH. Life and death in the US Army. In Corpore sano. JAMA. 1990 Nov 7;264(17):2241–2244. [PubMed]
  • Thomas TL, Kang HK, Dalager NA. Mortality among women Vietnam veterans, 1973-1987. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Nov 1;134(9):973–980. [PubMed]
  • Watanabe KK, Kang HK. Military service in Vietnam and the risk of death from trauma and selected cancers. Ann Epidemiol. 1995 Sep;5(5):407–412. [PubMed]
  • Kang HK, Mahan CM, Lee KY, Magee CA, Murphy FM. Illnesses among United States veterans of the Gulf War: a population-based survey of 30,000 veterans. J Occup Environ Med. 2000 May;42(5):491–501. [PubMed]
  • Bullman TA, Kang HK. Posttraumatic stress disorder and the risk of traumatic deaths among Vietnam veterans. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1994 Nov;182(11):604–610. [PubMed]

Articles from Occupational and Environmental Medicine are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles