• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of tobcontTobacco ControlCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Tob Control. Sep 2002; 11(3): 183–190.
PMCID: PMC1759023

Enhancing the effectiveness of tobacco package warning labels: a social psychological perspective

Abstract

Objective: To outline social psychological principles that could influence the psychosocial and behavioural effects of tobacco warning labels, and to inform the development of more effective tobacco warning labels.

Data sources: PsycInfo and Medline literature searches and expert guided selection of principles and theories in social psychology and of tobacco warning labels, including articles, books, and reports.

Conclusions: Tobacco warning labels represent a potentially effective method of influencing attitudes and behaviours. This review describes social psychological principles that could be used to guide the creation of more effective warning labels. The potential value of incorporating warning labels into a broader public health education campaign is discussed, and directions for future research are suggested.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (332K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Fishbein M. A theory of reasoned action: some applications and implications. Nebr Symp Motiv. 1980;27:65–116. [PubMed]
  • Tversky A, Kahneman D. The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science. 1981 Jan 30;211(4481):453–458. [PubMed]
  • Meyerowitz BE, Chaiken S. The effect of message framing on breast self-examination attitudes, intentions, and behavior. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1987 Mar;52(3):500–510. [PubMed]
  • Banks SM, Salovey P, Greener S, Rothman AJ, Moyer A, Beauvais J, Epel E. The effects of message framing on mammography utilization. Health Psychol. 1995 Mar;14(2):178–184. [PubMed]
  • Kalichman SC, Coley B. Context framing to enhance HIV-antibody-testing messages targeted to African American women. Health Psychol. 1995 May;14(3):247–254. [PubMed]
  • Detweiler JB, Bedell BT, Salovey P, Pronin E, Rothman AJ. Message framing and sunscreen use: gain-framed messages motivate beach-goers. Health Psychol. 1999 Mar;18(2):189–196. [PubMed]
  • Marteau TM. Framing of information: its influence upon decisions of doctors and patients. Br J Soc Psychol. 1989 Mar;28(Pt 1):89–94. [PubMed]
  • McNeil BJ, Pauker SG, Sox HC, Jr, Tversky A. On the elicitation of preferences for alternative therapies. N Engl J Med. 1982 May 27;306(21):1259–1262. [PubMed]
  • Witte K, Allen M. A meta-analysis of fear appeals: implications for effective public health campaigns. Health Educ Behav. 2000 Oct;27(5):591–615. [PubMed]
  • O'Callaghan FV, Callan VJ, Baglioni A. Cigarette use by adolescents: attitude-behavior relationships. Subst Use Misuse. 1999 Feb;34(3):455–468. [PubMed]
  • Biglan A, McConnell S, Severson HH, Bavry J, Ary D. A situational analysis of adolescent smoking. J Behav Med. 1984 Mar;7(1):109–114. [PubMed]
  • Presti DE, Ary DV, Lichtenstein E. The context of smoking initiation and maintenance: findings from interviews with youths. J Subst Abuse. 1992;4(1):35–45. [PubMed]
  • Herek GM. Beyond "homophobia": a social psychological perspective on attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. J Homosex. 1984 Fall;10(1-2):1–21. [PubMed]
  • Sullum J, Clark MM, King TK. Predictors of exercise relapse in a college population. J Am Coll Health. 2000 Jan;48(4):175–180. [PubMed]
  • Tunstall CD, Ginsberg D, Hall SM. Quitting smoking. Int J Addict. 1985 Jun-Jul;20(6-7):1089–1112. [PubMed]
  • Aronson E, Fried C, Stone J. Overcoming denial and increasing the intention to use condoms through the induction of hypocrisy. Am J Public Health. 1991 Dec;81(12):1636–1638. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Richards JW, Fischer P, Conner FG. The warnings on cigarette packages are ineffective. JAMA. 1989 Jan 6;261(1):45–45. [PubMed]
  • Borland R. Tobacco health warnings and smoking-related cognitions and behaviours. Addiction. 1997 Nov;92(11):1427–1435. [PubMed]
  • Borland R, Hill D. Initial impact of the new Australian tobacco health warnings on knowledge and beliefs. Tob Control. 1997 Winter;6(4):317–325. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hu TW, Sung HY, Keeler TE. Reducing cigarette consumption in California: tobacco taxes vs an anti-smoking media campaign. Am J Public Health. 1995 Sep;85(9):1218–1222. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jenkins CN, McPhee SJ, Le A, Pham GQ, Ha NT, Stewart S. The effectiveness of a media-led intervention to reduce smoking among Vietnamese-American men. Am J Public Health. 1997 Jun;87(6):1031–1034. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Greenwald AG, McGhee DE, Schwartz JL. Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1998 Jun;74(6):1464–1480. [PubMed]

Articles from Tobacco Control are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...