Logo of jepicomhJournal of Epidemiology and Community HealthVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1998 Mar; 52(3): 191–194.
PMCID: PMC1756691

Relation between attempted suicide and suicide rates among young people in Europe


STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are associations between rates of suicide and attempted suicide in 15-24 year olds in different countries in Europe. DESIGN: Attempted suicide rates were based on data collected in centres in Europe between 1989 and 1992 as part of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Parasuicide. Comparison was made with both national suicide rates and local suicide rates for the areas in which the attempted suicide monitoring centres are based. SETTING: 15 centres in 13 European countries. PATIENTS: Young people aged 15-24 years who had taken overdoses or deliberately injured themselves and been identified in health care facilities. MAIN RESULTS: There were positive correlations (Spearman rank order) between rates of attempted suicide and suicide rates in both sexes. The correlations only reached statistical significance for male subjects: regional suicide rates, r = 0.65, p < 0.02; national suicide rates, r = 0.55, p < 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of attempted suicide and suicide in the young covary. The recent increase in attempted suicide rates in young male subjects in several European countries could herald a further increase in suicide rates.


Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (96K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Platt S, Bille-Brahe U, Kerkhof A, Schmidtke A, Bjerke T, Crepet P, De Leo D, Haring C, Lonnqvist J, Michel K, et al. Parasuicide in Europe: the WHO/EURO multicentre study on parasuicide. I. Introduction and preliminary analysis for 1989. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1992 Feb;85(2):97–104. [PubMed]
  • Schmidtke A, Bille-Brahe U, DeLeo D, Kerkhof A, Bjerke T, Crepet P, Haring C, Hawton K, Lönnqvist J, Michel K, et al. Attempted suicide in Europe: rates, trends and sociodemographic characteristics of suicide attempters during the period 1989-1992. Results of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Parasuicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1996 May;93(5):327–338. [PubMed]
  • Hawton K, Fagg J. Deliberate self-poisoning and self-injury in adolescents. A study of characteristics and trends in Oxford, 1976-89. Br J Psychiatry. 1992 Dec;161:816–823. [PubMed]
  • McLoone P, Crombie IK. Hospitalisation for deliberate self-poisoning in Scotland from 1981 to 1993: trends in rates and types of drugs used. Br J Psychiatry. 1996 Jul;169(1):81–85. [PubMed]
  • Diekstra RF. The epidemiology of suicide and parasuicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 1993;371:9–20. [PubMed]
  • Bille-Brahe U, Schmidtke A, Kerkhof AJ, De Leo D, Lönnqvist J, Platt S, Sampaio Faria J. Background and introduction to the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Parasuicide. Crisis. 1995;16(2):72–84. [PubMed]
  • Bille-Brahe U, Andersen K, Wasserman D, Schmidtke A, Bjerke T, Crepet P, De Leo D, Haring C, Hawton K, Kerkhof A, et al. The WHO-EURO Multicentre Study: risk of parasuicide and the comparability of the areas under study. Crisis. 1996;17(1):32–42. [PubMed]
  • Bancroft JH, Skrimshire AM, Simkin S. The reasons people give for taking overdoses. Br J Psychiatry. 1976 Jun;128:538–548. [PubMed]
  • Goldacre M, Hawton K. Repetition of self-poisoning and subsequent death in adolescents who take overdoses. Br J Psychiatry. 1985 Apr;146:395–398. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group


Save items

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...