• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of brjsmedBritish Journal of Sports MedicineCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Br J Sports Med. Sep 1998; 32(3): 220–225.
PMCID: PMC1756109

Sport and active recreation injuries in Australia: evidence from emergency department presentations


OBJECTIVE: Despite the rise in specialist clinical services for the management of sports and active recreation injury, many patients attend hospital emergency departments for treatment. The purpose of this study was to describe sports injury cases presented to selected hospital emergency departments around Australia for the period 1989-1993. METHODS: Routinely collected emergency department injury presentation data from the Australian National Injury Surveillance Unit were examined. Data on 98,040 sports and active recreation emergency department presentations were analysed. Sports and active recreation activities were ranked according to frequency of presentation. Relative proportions of injury type and body region injured were determined. Data are presented separately for children (<15 years of age) and adults (>15 years of age). RESULTS: Among the 10 activities that most commonly led to a sports or active recreation injury presentation for all ages were cycling, Australian football, basketball, soccer, cricket, netball, and rugby. For children, injuries were also commonly associated with roller skating/blading, skateboarding, and trampolining. Hockey, martial arts, and dancing injuries were frequent in adults. Most sporting injuries occurred during organised competition or practice whereas the active recreation injuries occurred in a variety of settings. Fractures, strains, and sprains, particularly to the lower and upper extremities, were common types of injury. CONCLUSION: The rich, but nevertheless limited, information available about sports and active recreation injuries from data collected in emergency departments indicates that these activities are a common context for injury at the community level in Australia.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (80K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Dixon M, Fricker P. Injuries to elite gymnasts over 10 yr. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Dec;25(12):1322–1329. [PubMed]
  • McKay GD, Payne WR, Goldie PA, Oakes BW, Stanley JJ. A comparison of the injuries sustained by female basketball and netball players. Aust J Sci Med Sport. 1996 Mar;28(1):12–17. [PubMed]
  • Bennell KL, Crossley K. Musculoskeletal injuries in track and field: incidence, distribution and risk factors. Aust J Sci Med Sport. 1996 Sep;28(3):69–75. [PubMed]
  • Watt GM, Ozanne-Smith J. Non-fatal injuries to young Victorians, 1986-1991. Med J Aust. 1994 Jun 20;160(12):790–794. [PubMed]
  • Nolan T, Penny M. Epidemiology of non-intentional injuries in an Australian urban region: results from injury surveillance. J Paediatr Child Health. 1992 Feb;28(1):27–35. [PubMed]
  • Pickard MA, Tullett WM, Patel AR. Sports injuries as seen at an accident and emergency department. Scott Med J. 1988 Aug;33(4):296–297. [PubMed]
  • Nicholl JP, Coleman P, Williams BT. The epidemiology of sports and exercise related injury in the United Kingdom. Br J Sports Med. 1995 Dec;29(4):232–238. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Tenvergert EM, Ten Duis HJ, Klasen HJ. Trends in sports injuries, 1982-1988: an in-depth study on four types of sport. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1992 Jun;32(2):214–220. [PubMed]
  • de Loës M. Medical treatment and costs of sports-related injuries in a total population. Int J Sports Med. 1990 Feb;11(1):66–72. [PubMed]
  • Lyons RA, Lo SV, Heaven M, Littlepage BN. Injury surveillance in children--usefulness of a centralised database of accident and emergency attendances. Inj Prev. 1995 Sep;1(3):173–176. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jones RS, Taggart T. Sport related injuries attending the accident and emergency department. Br J Sports Med. 1994 Jun;28(2):110–111. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Grimble S, Kendall IG, Allen MJ. An audit of care received by patients injured during sporting activities. Arch Emerg Med. 1993 Sep;10(3):203–208. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Rowell S, Rees-Jones A. Injuries treated at a sports injury clinic compared with a neighbouring accident and emergency department. Br J Sports Med. 1988 Dec;22(4):157–160. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from British Journal of Sports Medicine are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...