Logo of annrheumdAnnals of the Rheumatic DiseasesVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Ann Rheum Dis. Jun 2005; 64(6): 801–803.
PMCID: PMC1755541

Benefit of pregnancy in inflammatory arthritis

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (59K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Østensen M, Förger F, Nelson JL, Schuhmacher A, Hebisch G, Villiger PM. Pregnancy in patients with rheumatic disease: anti-inflammatory cytokines increase in pregnancy and decrease post partum. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Jun;64(6):839–844. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schulze-Koops H, Kalden JR. The balance of Th1/Th2 cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2001 Dec;15(5):677–691. [PubMed]
  • Müller-Ladner U, Kriegsmann J, Franklin BN, Matsumoto S, Geiler T, Gay RE, Gay S. Synovial fibroblasts of patients with rheumatoid arthritis attach to and invade normal human cartilage when engrafted into SCID mice. Am J Pathol. 1996 Nov;149(5):1607–1615. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Redlich Kurt, Hayer Silvia, Ricci Romeo, David Jean-Pierre, Tohidast-Akrad Makiyeh, Kollias George, Steiner Günter, Smolen Josef S, Wagner Erwin F, Schett Georg. Osteoclasts are essential for TNF-alpha-mediated joint destruction. J Clin Invest. 2002 Nov;110(10):1419–1427. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kazkaz Hanadi, Isenberg David. Anti B cell therapy (rituximab) in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2004 Aug;4(4):398–402. [PubMed]
  • Brand David D, Kang Andrew H, Rosloniec Edward F. Immunopathogenesis of collagen arthritis. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 2003 Aug;25(1):3–18. [PubMed]
  • Wilder RL. Hormones, pregnancy, and autoimmune diseases. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 May 1;840:45–50. [PubMed]
  • Wegmann TG, Lin H, Guilbert L, Mosmann TR. Bidirectional cytokine interactions in the maternal-fetal relationship: is successful pregnancy a TH2 phenomenon? Immunol Today. 1993 Jul;14(7):353–356. [PubMed]
  • Piccinni MP, Romagnani S. Regulation of fetal allograft survival by a hormone-controlled Th1- and Th2-type cytokines. Immunol Res. 1996;15(2):141–150. [PubMed]
  • Chaouat Gérard, Ledée-Bataille Natalie, Dubanchet Sylvie, Zourbas Sandrine, Sandra Olivier, Martal Jacques. TH1/TH2 paradigm in pregnancy: paradigm lost? Cytokines in pregnancy/early abortion: reexamining the TH1/TH2 paradigm. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2004 Jun;134(2):93–119. [PubMed]
  • Russell AS, Johnston C, Chew C, Maksymowych WP. Evidence for reduced Th1 function in normal pregnancy: a hypothesis for the remission of rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jun;24(6):1045–1050. [PubMed]
  • Tchórzewski H, Krasomski G, Biesiada L, Głowacka E, Banasik M, Lewkowicz P. IL-12, IL-6 and IFN-gamma production by lymphocytes of pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis remission during pregnancy. Mediators Inflamm. 2000;9(6):289–293. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Elenkov IJ, Wilder RL, Bakalov VK, Link AA, Dimitrov MA, Fisher S, Crane M, Kanik KS, Chrousos GP. IL-12, TNF-alpha, and hormonal changes during late pregnancy and early postpartum: implications for autoimmune disease activity during these times. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Oct;86(10):4933–4938. [PubMed]
  • Muñoz-Valle JF, Vázquez-Del Mercado M, García-Iglesias T, Orozco-Barocio G, Bernard-Medina G, Martínez-Bonilla G, Bastidas-Ramírez BE, Navarro AD, Bueno M, Martínez-López E, et al. T(H)1/T(H)2 cytokine profile, metalloprotease-9 activity and hormonal status in pregnant rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 2003 Feb;131(2):377–384. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Doria Andrea, Ghirardello Anna, Iaccarino Luca, Zampieri Sandra, Punzi Leonardo, Tarricone Elena, Ruffatti Amelia, Sulli Alberto, Sarzi-Puttini Pier Carlo, Gambari Pier Franca, et al. Pregnancy, cytokines, and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Dec 15;51(6):989–995. [PubMed]
  • Piccinni MP, Giudizi MG, Biagiotti R, Beloni L, Giannarini L, Sampognaro S, Parronchi P, Manetti R, Annunziato F, Livi C, et al. Progesterone favors the development of human T helper cells producing Th2-type cytokines and promotes both IL-4 production and membrane CD30 expression in established Th1 cell clones. J Immunol. 1995 Jul 1;155(1):128–133. [PubMed]
  • Kanik KS, Wilder RL. Hormonal alterations in rheumatoid arthritis, including the effects of pregnancy. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2000 Nov;26(4):805–823. [PubMed]
  • Blois Sandra M, Joachim Ricarda, Kandil Judith, Margni Ricardo, Tometten Mareike, Klapp Burghard F, Arck Petra C. Depletion of CD8+ cells abolishes the pregnancy protective effect of progesterone substitution with dydrogesterone in mice by altering the Th1/Th2 cytokine profile. J Immunol. 2004 May 15;172(10):5893–5899. [PubMed]
  • Zang Ying C Q, Halder Jyotsnabaran B, Hong Jian, Rivera Victor M, Zhang Jingwu Z. Regulatory effects of estriol on T cell migration and cytokine profile: inhibition of transcription factor NF-kappa B. J Neuroimmunol. 2002 Mar;124(1-2):106–114. [PubMed]
  • Soldan Samantha S, Alvarez Retuerto Ana Isabel, Sicotte Nancy L, Voskuhl Rhonda R. Immune modulation in multiple sclerosis patients treated with the pregnancy hormone estriol. J Immunol. 2003 Dec 1;171(11):6267–6274. [PubMed]
  • Elenkov IJ, Chrousos GP. Stress Hormones, Th1/Th2 patterns, Pro/Anti-inflammatory Cytokines and Susceptibility to Disease. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Nov;10(9):359–368. [PubMed]
  • Sanders Virginia M, Straub Rainer H. Norepinephrine, the beta-adrenergic receptor, and immunity. Brain Behav Immun. 2002 Aug;16(4):290–332. [PubMed]
  • Oikarinen J, Hämäläinen L, Oikarinen A. Modulation of glucocorticoid receptor activity by cyclic nucleotides and its implications on the regulation of human skin fibroblast growth and protein synthesis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Jun 15;799(2):158–165. [PubMed]
  • Gruol DJ, Campbell NF, Bourgeois S. Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase promotes glucocorticoid receptor function. J Biol Chem. 1986 Apr 15;261(11):4909–4914. [PubMed]
  • Nakada MT, Stadel JM, Poksay KS, Crooke ST. Glucocorticoid regulation of beta-adrenergic receptors in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Mol Pharmacol. 1987 Apr;31(4):377–384. [PubMed]
  • Dong Y, Aronsson M, Gustafsson JA, Okret S. The mechanism of cAMP-induced glucocorticoid receptor expression. Correlation to cellular glucocorticoid response. J Biol Chem. 1989 Aug 15;264(23):13679–13683. [PubMed]
  • DiBattista JA, Martel-Pelletier J, Cloutier JM, Pelletier JP. Modulation of glucocorticoid receptor expression in human articular chondrocytes by cAMP and prostaglandins. J Rheumatol Suppl. 1991 Feb;27:102–105. [PubMed]
  • Korn SH, Wouters EF, Wesseling G, Arends JW, Thunnissen FB. Interaction between glucocorticoids and beta2-agonists: alpha and beta glucocorticoid-receptor mRNA expression in human bronchial epithelial cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 Dec 15;56(12):1561–1569. [PubMed]
  • Eickelberg O, Roth M, Lörx R, Bruce V, Rüdiger J, Johnson M, Block LH. Ligand-independent activation of the glucocorticoid receptor by beta2-adrenergic receptor agonists in primary human lung fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jan 8;274(2):1005–1010. [PubMed]
  • Schmidt P, Holsboer F, Spengler D. Beta(2)-adrenergic receptors potentiate glucocorticoid receptor transactivation via G protein beta gamma-subunits and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway. Mol Endocrinol. 2001 Apr;15(4):553–564. [PubMed]
  • Sanden S, Tripmacher R, Weltrich R, Rohde W, Hiepe F, Burmester GR, Buttgereit F. Glucocorticoid dose dependent downregulation of glucocorticoid receptors in patients with rheumatic diseases. J Rheumatol. 2000 May;27(5):1265–1270. [PubMed]
  • Straub Rainer H, Günzler Christian, Miller Luitpold E, Cutolo Maurizio, Schölmerich Jürgen, Schill Stefan. Anti-inflammatory cooperativity of corticosteroids and norepinephrine in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissue in vivo and in vitro. FASEB J. 2002 Jul;16(9):993–1000. [PubMed]
  • Doria Andrea, Cutolo Maurizio, Ghirardello Anna, Zampieri Sandra, Vescovi Francesca, Sulli Alberto, Giusti Massimo, Piccoli Antonio, Grella Pasquale, Gambari Pier Franca. Steroid hormones and disease activity during pregnancy in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Apr 15;47(2):202–209. [PubMed]

Articles from Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...