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Logo of annrheumdAnnals of the Rheumatic DiseasesCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Ann Rheum Dis. Feb 2005; 64(2): 311–314.
PMCID: PMC1755352

Association of mannose binding lectin (MBL) gene polymorphism and serum MBL concentration with characteristics and progression of systemic lupus erythematosus

Abstract

Methods: Codon 54 MBL gene polymorphism of 147 patients with SLE and 160 healthy controls was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Serum concentration of MBL was measured by enzyme immunoassay. Fluctuations of serum MBL were analysed with respect to disease characteristics and activity.

Results: Frequency of homozygosity for codon 54 minority allele was 6% (9/147) in patients with SLE, and significantly higher than in controls (p = 0.0294, Fisher's exact test). MBL polymorphism in patients with SLE was not significantly associated with disease characteristics or immunological phenotypes. Patients homozygous for the B allele tended to have a higher risk of infection during treatment. Levels of C3 and CH50 were slightly, but significantly, associated with serum MBL concentration in patients with SLE homozygous for the majority allele. During the course of SLE, serum MBL concentration increased in 6/14 patients, and decreased in 7 after initiation of immunosuppressive treatment.

Conclusions: MBL gene polymorphism influences susceptibility to SLE, but has no direct effect on disease characteristics. Serum MBL levels fluctuate during the course of SLE in individual patients. MBL genotyping may be useful in assessing the risk of infection during treatment of SLE.

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Figures and Tables

Figure 1
 Relationship between serum MBL concentration and CH50 in genotype AA patients with SLE. rs = 0.253, p = 0.0412 by Spearman's rank correlation test.
Figure 2
 Fluctuation of serum MBL concentration and clinical variables during immunosuppressive treatment in patients with newly diagnosed SLE. Open squares, serum MBL concentrations (s-MBL); closed squares, C reactive protein (CRP); open circles, anti-DNA ...

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