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Logo of annrheumdAnnals of the Rheumatic DiseasesView this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Ann Rheum Dis. Jan 2005; 64(1): 134–137.
Published online Apr 19, 2004. doi:  10.1136/ard.2004.020636
PMCID: PMC1755200

Estimated prediagnosis radiological progression: an important tool for studying the effects of early disease modifying antirheumatic drug treatment in rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract

Patients and methods: 149 non-randomised patients with newly diagnosed RA in four groups were analysed: patients treated with (a) methotrexate (n = 56); (b) sulfasalazine (n = 55); (c) auranofin (n = 19); and (d) controls who were poor treatment responders (n = 19). Radiographs were quantified using the Larsen erosion score. The prediagnosis radiological progression from the onset of RA symptoms to diagnosis was calculated and compared with the observed progression rate during the first year after diagnosis while receiving DMARD treatment.

Results: Mean (SD) disease duration from onset of symptoms until diagnosis was 6.7 (4.0) months. Mean (SD) baseline Larsen score was 13.2 (9.3), giving a mean (SD) estimated prediagnosis progression rate of 23.6 (12.4) Larsen score units/year. Control and auranofin groups showed radiological progression after diagnosis similar to the progression predicted by prediagnosis progression rates. Patients receiving methotrexate or sulfasalazine showed a marked reduction (71% and 73%, respectively; p<0.001) in radiographic progression compared with prediagnosis progression.

Conclusions: Prediagnosis rates of radiological progression can be used quantitatively to obtain information on the potential efficacy of DMARDs, and indicate that methotrexate and sulfasalazine, but not auranofin, significantly retard radiographic damage in the first year after diagnosis.

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Figures and Tables

Figure 1
 Increment of Larsen score in the four different treatment groups: (A) MTX; (B) SSZ; (C) AUR; and (D) controls; means (SD) are shown. Prediagnosis radiological progression is represented as a straight line starting at the time of symptom onset. ...

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