• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jepicomhInstructions for authorsCurrent TOCJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
J Epidemiol Community Health. Aug 2003; 57(8): 565–570.
PMCID: PMC1732553

Psychosocial factors and public health: a suitable case for treatment?

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (114K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Greenwood DC, Muir KR, Packham CJ, Madeley RJ. Coronary heart disease: a review of the role of psychosocial stress and social support. J Public Health Med. 1996 Jun;18(2):221–231. [PubMed]
  • Hemingway H, Marmot M. Evidence based cardiology: psychosocial factors in the aetiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease. Systematic review of prospective cohort studies. BMJ. 1999 May 29;318(7196):1460–1467. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Harper Sam, Lynch John, Hsu Wan-Ling, Everson Susan A, Hillemeier Marianne M, Raghunathan Trivellore E, Salonen Jukka T, Kaplan George A. Life course socioeconomic conditions and adult psychosocial functioning. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr;31(2):395–403. [PubMed]
  • Marmot MG, Bosma H, Hemingway H, Brunner E, Stansfeld S. Contribution of job control and other risk factors to social variations in coronary heart disease incidence. Lancet. 1997 Jul 26;350(9073):235–239. [PubMed]
  • Marmot MG. Improvement of social environment to improve health. Lancet. 1998 Jan 3;351(9095):57–60. [PubMed]
  • Davey Smith G, Ebrahim S, Frankel S. How policy informs the evidence. BMJ. 2001 Jan 27;322(7280):184–185. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • van der Klink JJ, Blonk RW, Schene AH, van Dijk FJ. The benefits of interventions for work-related stress. Am J Public Health. 2001 Feb;91(2):270–276. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lynch JW, Smith GD, Kaplan GA, House JS. Income inequality and mortality: importance to health of individual income, psychosocial environment, or material conditions. BMJ. 2000 Apr 29;320(7243):1200–1204. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Marmot M, Wilkinson RG. Psychosocial and material pathways in the relation between income and health: a response to Lynch et al. BMJ. 2001 May 19;322(7296):1233–1236. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • HILL AB. THE ENVIRONMENT AND DISEASE: ASSOCIATION OR CAUSATION? Proc R Soc Med. 1965 May;58:295–300. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Smith GD, Phillips AN, Neaton JD. Smoking as "independent" risk factor for suicide: illustration of an artifact from observational epidemiology? Lancet. 1992 Sep 19;340(8821):709–712. [PubMed]
  • Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Almeida-Filho N. A glossary for health inequalities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Sep;56(9):647–652. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Parascandola M, Weed DL. Causation in epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 Dec;55(12):905–912. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Doll R, Peto R, Wheatley K, Gray R, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 40 years' observations on male British doctors. BMJ. 1994 Oct 8;309(6959):901–911. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macleod J, Davey Smith G, Heslop P, Metcalfe C, Carroll D, Hart C. Limitations of adjustment for reporting tendency in observational studies of stress and self reported coronary heart disease. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002 Jan;56(1):76–77. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macleod John, Davey Smith George, Heslop Pauline, Metcalfe Chris, Carroll Douglas, Hart Carole. Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease: empirical demonstration of bias in a prospective observational study of Scottish men. BMJ. 2002 May 25;324(7348):1247–1251. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hotopf Matthew. Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease. Rose questionnaire is not what it seems. BMJ. 2002 Aug 10;325(7359):337–337. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Watson D, Pennebaker JW. Health complaints, stress, and distress: exploring the central role of negative affectivity. Psychol Rev. 1989 Apr;96(2):234–254. [PubMed]
  • Bosma H, Marmot MG, Hemingway H, Nicholson AC, Brunner E, Stansfeld SA. Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in Whitehall II (prospective cohort) study. BMJ. 1997 Feb 22;314(7080):558–565. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bosma H, van de Mheen HD, Mackenbach JP. Social class in childhood and general health in adulthood: questionnaire study of contribution of psychological attributes. BMJ. 1999 Jan 2;318(7175):18–22. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cheng Y, Kawachi I, Coakley EH, Schwartz J, Colditz G. Association between psychosocial work characteristics and health functioning in American women: prospective study. BMJ. 2000 May 27;320(7247):1432–1436. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Krantz David S, McCeney Melissa K. Effects of psychological and social factors on organic disease: a critical assessment of research on coronary heart disease. Annu Rev Psychol. 2002;53:341–369. [PubMed]
  • Phillips AN, Smith GD. How independent are "independent" effects? Relative risk estimation when correlated exposures are measured imprecisely. J Clin Epidemiol. 1991;44(11):1223–1231. [PubMed]
  • Smith GD, Phillips A. Declaring independence: why we should be cautious. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1990 Dec;44(4):257–258. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macleod J, Smith GD, Heslop P, Metcalfe C, Carroll D, Hart C. Are the effects of psychosocial exposures attributable to confounding? Evidence from a prospective observational study on psychological stress and mortality. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 Dec;55(12):878–884. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Greenland S. Basic methods for sensitivity analysis of biases. Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Dec;25(6):1107–1116. [PubMed]
  • Phillips AN, Smith GD. Cigarette smoking as a potential cause of cervical cancer: has confounding been controlled? Int J Epidemiol. 1994 Feb;23(1):42–49. [PubMed]
  • Vitaliano Peter P, Scanlan James M, Zhang Jianping, Savage Margaret V, Hirsch Irl B, Siegler Ilene C. A path model of chronic stress, the metabolic syndrome, and coronary heart disease. Psychosom Med. 2002 May-Jun;64(3):418–435. [PubMed]
  • Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA. Estrogen replacement therapy and coronary heart disease: a quantitative assessment of the epidemiologic evidence. Prev Med. 1991 Jan;20(1):47–63. [PubMed]
  • Grodstein F, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rosner B, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH. Postmenopausal estrogen and progestin use and the risk of cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med. 1996 Aug 15;335(7):453–461. [PubMed]
  • Grodstein F, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Manson JE, Joffe M, Rosner B, Fuchs C, Hankinson SE, Hunter DJ, et al. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and mortality. N Engl J Med. 1997 Jun 19;336(25):1769–1775. [PubMed]
  • Hulley S, Grady D, Bush T, Furberg C, Herrington D, Riggs B, Vittinghoff E. Randomized trial of estrogen plus progestin for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Research Group. JAMA. 1998 Aug 19;280(7):605–613. [PubMed]
  • Weiss Noel S. Can the "specificity" of an association be rehabilitated as a basis for supporting a causal hypothesis? Epidemiology. 2002 Jan;13(1):6–8. [PubMed]
  • Postmenopausal estrogen use and heart disease. N Engl J Med. 1986 Jul 10;315(2):131–136. [PubMed]
  • Everson SA, Goldberg DE, Kaplan GA, Cohen RD, Pukkala E, Tuomilehto J, Salonen JT. Hopelessness and risk of mortality and incidence of myocardial infarction and cancer. Psychosom Med. 1996 Mar-Apr;58(2):113–121. [PubMed]
  • Smith George Davey, Ebrahim Shah. 'Mendelian randomization': can genetic epidemiology contribute to understanding environmental determinants of disease? Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Feb;32(1):1–22. [PubMed]
  • Tsutsumi A, Theorell T, Hallqvist J, Reuterwall C, de Faire U. Association between job characteristics and plasma fibrinogen in a normal working population: a cross sectional analysis in referents of the SHEEP Study. Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999 Jun;53(6):348–354. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Leander K, Wiman B, Hallqvist J, Falk G, De Faire U. The G-455A polymorphism of the fibrinogen Bbeta-gene relates to plasma fibrinogen in male cases, but does not interact with environmental factors in causing myocardial infarction in either men or women. J Intern Med. 2002 Oct;252(4):332–341. [PubMed]
  • Pickering T. Job stress, control, and chronic disease: moving to the next level of evidence. Psychosom Med. 2001 Sep-Oct;63(5):734–736. [PubMed]
  • Linden W, Stossel C, Maurice J. Psychosocial interventions for patients with coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Apr 8;156(7):745–752. [PubMed]
  • Dusseldorp E, van Elderen T, Maes S, Meulman J, Kraaij V. A meta-analysis of psychoeduational programs for coronary heart disease patients. Health Psychol. 1999 Sep;18(5):506–519. [PubMed]
  • Louis Amala A, Manousos I Renata, Coletta Alison P, Clark Andrew L, Cleland John G F. Clinical trials update: The Heart Protection Study, IONA, CARISA, ENRICHD, ACUTE, ALIVE, MADIT II and REMATCH. Impact Of Nicorandil on Angina. Combination Assessment of Ranolazine In Stable Angina. ENhancing Recovery In Coronary Heart Disease patients. Assessment of Cardioversion Using Transoesophageal Echocardiography. AzimiLide post-Infarct surVival Evaluation. Randomised Evaluation of Mechanical Assistance for Treatment of Chronic Heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail. 2002 Jan;4(1):111–116. [PubMed]
  • Wulsin LR, Vaillant GE, Wells VE. A systematic review of the mortality of depression. Psychosom Med. 1999 Jan-Feb;61(1):6–17. [PubMed]
  • Lespérance F, Frasure-Smith N. The seduction of death. Psychosom Med. 1999 Jan-Feb;61(1):18–20. [PubMed]
  • Patel C, Marmot MG, Terry DJ, Carruthers M, Hunt B, Patel M. Trial of relaxation in reducing coronary risk: four year follow up. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Apr 13;290(6475):1103–1106. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Orth-Gomér K, Eriksson I, Moser V, Theorell T, Fredlund P. Lipid lowering through work stress reduction. Int J Behav Med. 1994;1(3):204–214. [PubMed]
  • Rodgers A. Income, health, and the National Lottery. BMJ. 2001 Dec 22;323(7327):1438–1439. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Walker Ian. If only lottery winnings were randomly assigned. BMJ. 2002 Apr 20;324(7343):979–979. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Syme SL, Balfour JL. Explaining inequalities in coronary heart disease. Lancet. 1997 Jul 26;350(9073):231–232. [PubMed]
  • Carpio Arturo. Neurocysticercosis: an update. Lancet Infect Dis. 2002 Dec;2(12):751–762. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...