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Gut. Mar 2000; 46(3): 359–366.
PMCID: PMC1727852

Altered mRNA expression of glycosyltransferases in human colorectal carcinomas and liver metastases

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS—Biosynthesis of carbohydrate structures is tissue specific and developmentally regulated by glycosyltransferases such as fucosyltransferases, sialyltransferases, and N-acetylgluco- saminyltransferases. During carcinogenesis, aberrant glycosylation leads to the development of tumour subpopulations with different adhesion properties. Therefore alterations in glycosyltransferase mRNA expression in colorectal carcinomas were examined by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
METHODS—Colorectal carcinoma specimens were classified and characterised according to the WHO/UICC system. Expression of fucosyltransferases FT-I, FT-III, FT-IV, FT-V, FT-VI, and FT-VII, sialyltransferases ST3Gal-I, ST3Gal-III, ST3Gal-IV, and ST6Gal-I, β1,4-galacto- syltransferase, and β1,6-Nacetylgluco- saminyltransferase V (GNT-V) was screened simultaneously in extracts of 22 homogenised tumour specimens by RT-PCR and compared with corresponding mucosa from each patient. Also 12 adenomas and 17 liver metastases of colorectal carcinomas were examined.
RESULTS—GNT-V expression was enhanced in colorectal adenomas (p = 0.039), carcinomas (p<0.001), and liver metastases of colorectal carcinomas (p<0.001). Also, expression of fucosyltransferase FT-IV was increased in colorectal adenomas (p = 0.039) and carcinomas (p<0.001). In addition, fucosyltransferase FT-I (p<0.001) and sialyltransferases ST6Gal-I (p = 0.004) and ST3Gal-III (p = 0.001) showed increased expression in carcinoma specimens. On the other hand, fucosyltransferase FT-III was less abundantly expressed in carcinomas exhibiting distant metastases (p = 0.046) and in highly invasive tumours (p = 0.041).
CONCLUSIONS—Glycosyltransferase mRNA expression is significantly altered in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas isolated from surgical specimens. RT-PCR determination of specific glycosyltransferases may be helpful for earlier detection of carcinomas and for tumour prognosis.


Keywords: colorectal carcinoma; adenomas; liver metastasis; glycosyltransferases; tumour prognosis; mRNA expression

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Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Glycosyltransferase expression in human colorectal tissue from case 3. Fluorescence of electrophoretically resolved, ethidium bromide stained polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of β-actin and glycosyltransferase target sequences ...
Figure 2
Glycosyltransferase expression in liver and liver metastases of a human colorectal carcinoma from case 35. Fluorescence of electrophoretically resolved, ethidium bromide stained polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of β-actin and ...
Figure 3
Glycosyltransferase expression in human colorectal tissue. For semiquantitative analysis of the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction data, fluorescence of each sample was compared with that of β-actin co-amplified in the same tube. ...
Figure 4
Glycosyltransferase expression in liver metastases of human colorectal carcinomas. For semiquantitative analysis of the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction data, fluorescence of each sample was compared with that of β-actin co-amplified ...

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