• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of brjsmedBritish Journal of Sports MedicineCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Br J Sports Med. Aug 2000; 34(4): 252–257.
PMCID: PMC1724227

The menisci: basic science and advances in treatment

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (112K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Cameron JC, Saha S. Meniscal allograft transplantation for unicompartmental arthritis of the knee. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Apr;(337):164–171. [PubMed]
  • Fritz JM, Irrgang JJ, Harner CD. Rehabilitation following allograft meniscal transplantation: a review of the literature and case study. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996 Aug;24(2):98–106. [PubMed]
  • Paletta GA, Jr, Manning T, Snell E, Parker R, Bergfeld J. The effect of allograft meniscal replacement on intraarticular contact area and pressures in the human knee. A biomechanical study. Am J Sports Med. 1997 Sep-Oct;25(5):692–698. [PubMed]
  • Veltri DM, Warren RF, Wickiewicz TL, O'Brien SJ. Current status of allograft meniscal transplantation. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994 Jun;(303):44–55. [PubMed]
  • Newman AP, Daniels AU, Burks RT. Principles and decision making in meniscal surgery. Arthroscopy. 1993;9(1):33–51. [PubMed]
  • Clark CR, Ogden JA. Development of the menisci of the human knee joint. Morphological changes and their potential role in childhood meniscal injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983 Apr;65(4):538–547. [PubMed]
  • Gardner E, O'Rahilly R. The early development of the knee joint in staged human embryos. J Anat. 1968 Jan;102(Pt 2):289–299. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Arnoczky SP, Warren RF. Microvasculature of the human meniscus. Am J Sports Med. 1982 Mar-Apr;10(2):90–95. [PubMed]
  • Bullough P, Goodfellow J. The significance of the fine structure of articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1968 Nov;50(4):852–857. [PubMed]
  • Farley TE, Howell SM, Love KF, Wolfe RD, Neumann CH. Meniscal tears: MR and arthrographic findings after arthroscopic repair. Radiology. 1991 Aug;180(2):517–522. [PubMed]
  • Raunest J, Oberle K, Loehnert J, Hoetzinger H. The clinical value of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of meniscal disorders. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1991 Jan;73(1):11–16. [PubMed]
  • Boden SD, Davis DO, Dina TS, Stoller DW, Brown SD, Vailas JC, Labropoulos PA. A prospective and blinded investigation of magnetic resonance imaging of the knee. Abnormal findings in asymptomatic subjects. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Sep;(282):177–185. [PubMed]
  • KAPLAN EB. Discoid lateral meniscus of the knee joint; nature, mechanism, and operative treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1957 Jan;39-A(1):77–87. [PubMed]
  • Jordan MR. Lateral Meniscal Variants: Evaluation and Treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1996 Jul;4(4):191–200. [PubMed]
  • Washington ER, 3rd, Root L, Liener UC. Discoid lateral meniscus in children. Long-term follow-up after excision. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Sep;77(9):1357–1361. [PubMed]
  • Laasonen EM, Wilppula E. Why a meniscectomy fails. Acta Orthop Scand. 1976 Dec;47(6):672–675. [PubMed]
  • Søballe K, Hansen AJ. Late results after meniscectomy in children. Injury. 1987 May;18(3):182–184. [PubMed]
  • Hede A, Svalastoga E, Reimann I. Articular cartilage changes following meniscal lesions. Repair and meniscectomy studied in the rabbit knee. Acta Orthop Scand. 1991 Aug;62(4):319–322. [PubMed]
  • Henning CE, Lynch MA. Current concepts of meniscal function and pathology. Clin Sports Med. 1985 Apr;4(2):259–265. [PubMed]
  • Krause WR, Pope MH, Johnson RJ, Wilder DG. Mechanical changes in the knee after meniscectomy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976 Jul;58(5):599–604. [PubMed]
  • Kurosawa H, Fukubayashi T, Nakajima H. Load-bearing mode of the knee joint: physical behavior of the knee joint with or without menisci. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980 Jun;(149):283–290. [PubMed]
  • Ahmed AM, Burke DL. In-vitro measurement of static pressure distribution in synovial joints--Part I: Tibial surface of the knee. J Biomech Eng. 1983 Aug;105(3):216–225. [PubMed]
  • Bargar WL, Moreland JR, Markolf KL, Shoemaker SC, Amstutz HC, Grant TT. In vivo stability testing of post-meniscectomy knees. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980 Jul-Aug;(150):247–252. [PubMed]
  • Radin EL, de Lamotte F, Maquet P. Role of the menisci in the distribution of stress in the knee. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1984 May;(185):290–294. [PubMed]
  • Odgaard A, Pedersen CM, Bentzen SM, Jørgensen J, Hvid I. Density changes at the proximal tibia after medial meniscectomy. J Orthop Res. 1989;7(5):744–753. [PubMed]
  • Frank CB, Jackson DW. The science of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997 Oct;79(10):1556–1576. [PubMed]
  • Levy IM, Torzilli PA, Warren RF. The effect of medial meniscectomy on anterior-posterior motion of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1982 Jul;64(6):883–888. [PubMed]
  • Bernstein J. The diagnosis of meniscal tears in athletes. A comparison of clinical and magnetic resonance imaging investigations. Am J Sports Med. 1997 Jul-Aug;25(4):588–589. [PubMed]
  • Evans PJ, Bell GD, Frank C. Prospective evaluation of the McMurray test. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Jul-Aug;21(4):604–608. [PubMed]
  • Fowler PJ, Lubliner JA. The predictive value of five clinical signs in the evaluation of meniscal pathology. Arthroscopy. 1989;5(3):184–186. [PubMed]
  • Kim SJ, Min BH, Han DY. Paradoxical phenomena of the McMurray test. An arthroscopic investigation. Am J Sports Med. 1996 Jan-Feb;24(1):83–87. [PubMed]
  • Miller GK. A prospective study comparing the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of meniscus tear with magnetic resonance imaging and its effect on clinical outcome. Arthroscopy. 1996 Aug;12(4):406–413. [PubMed]
  • Muellner T, Weinstabl R, Schabus R, Vécsei V, Kainberger F. The diagnosis of meniscal tears in athletes. A comparison of clinical and magnetic resonance imaging investigations. Am J Sports Med. 1997 Jan-Feb;25(1):7–12. [PubMed]
  • O'Shea KJ, Murphy KP, Heekin RD, Herzwurm PJ. The diagnostic accuracy of history, physical examination, and radiographs in the evaluation of traumatic knee disorders. Am J Sports Med. 1996 Mar-Apr;24(2):164–167. [PubMed]
  • Oberlander MA, Shalvoy RM, Hughston JC. The accuracy of the clinical knee examination documented by arthroscopy. A prospective study. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Nov-Dec;21(6):773–778. [PubMed]
  • Rose NE, Gold SM. A comparison of accuracy between clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament tears. Arthroscopy. 1996 Aug;12(4):398–405. [PubMed]
  • Terry GC, Tagert BE, Young MJ. Reliability of the clinical assessment in predicting the cause of internal derangements of the knee. Arthroscopy. 1995 Oct;11(5):568–576. [PubMed]
  • Butt WP, McIntyre JL. Double-contrast arthrography of the knee. Radiology. 1969 Mar;92(3):487–499. [PubMed]
  • Pavlov H, Torg JS. Double contrast arthrographic evaluation of the anterior cruciate ligament. Radiology. 1978 Mar;126(3):661–666. [PubMed]
  • Nicholas JA, Freiberger RH, Killoran PJ. Double-contrast arthrography of the knee. Its value in the management of two hundred and twenty-five knee derangements. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1970 Mar;52(2):203–220. [PubMed]
  • Barronian AD, Zoltan JD, Bucon KA. Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee: correlation with arthroscopy. Arthroscopy. 1989;5(3):187–191. [PubMed]
  • Crues JV, 3rd, Mink J, Levy TL, Lotysch M, Stoller DW. Meniscal tears of the knee: accuracy of MR imaging. Radiology. 1987 Aug;164(2):445–448. [PubMed]
  • Kaplan PA, Nelson NL, Garvin KL, Brown DE. MR of the knee: the significance of high signal in the meniscus that does not clearly extend to the surface. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Feb;156(2):333–336. [PubMed]
  • Kelly MA, Flock TJ, Kimmel JA, Kiernan HA, Jr, Singson RS, Starron RB, Feldman F. MR imaging of the knee: clarification of its role. Arthroscopy. 1991;7(1):78–85. [PubMed]
  • Araki Y, Ashikaga R, Fujii K, Ishida O, Hamada M, Ueda J, Tsukaguchi I. MR imaging of meniscal tears with discoid lateral meniscus. Eur J Radiol. 1998 May;27(2):153–160. [PubMed]
  • Daniel DM, Stone ML, Dobson BE, Fithian DC, Rossman DJ, Kaufman KR. Fate of the ACL-injured patient. A prospective outcome study. Am J Sports Med. 1994 Sep-Oct;22(5):632–644. [PubMed]
  • Duncan JB, Hunter R, Purnell M, Freeman J. Meniscal injuries associated with acute anterior cruciate ligament tears in alpine skiers. Am J Sports Med. 1995 Mar-Apr;23(2):170–172. [PubMed]
  • Keene GC, Bickerstaff D, Rae PJ, Paterson RS. The natural history of meniscal tears in anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Sep-Oct;21(5):672–679. [PubMed]
  • Arnoczky SP, Warren RF, Spivak JM. Meniscal repair using an exogenous fibrin clot. An experimental study in dogs. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Sep;70(8):1209–1217. [PubMed]
  • Webber RJ, Harris MG, Hough AJ., Jr Cell culture of rabbit meniscal fibrochondrocytes: proliferative and synthetic response to growth factors and ascorbate. J Orthop Res. 1985;3(1):36–42. [PubMed]
  • Weiss CB, Lundberg M, Hamberg P, DeHaven KE, Gillquist J. Non-operative treatment of meniscal tears. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989 Jul;71(6):811–822. [PubMed]
  • Jakob RP, Stäubli HU, Zuber K, Esser M. The arthroscopic meniscal repair. Techniques and clinical experience. Am J Sports Med. 1988 Mar-Apr;16(2):137–142. [PubMed]
  • Barber FA, Click SD. Meniscus repair rehabilitation with concurrent anterior cruciate reconstruction. Arthroscopy. 1997 Aug;13(4):433–437. [PubMed]
  • DeHaven KE, Lohrer WA, Lovelock JE. Long-term results of open meniscal repair. Am J Sports Med. 1995 Sep-Oct;23(5):524–530. [PubMed]
  • Eggli S, Wegmüller H, Kosina J, Huckell C, Jakob RP. Long-term results of arthroscopic meniscal repair. An analysis of isolated tears. Am J Sports Med. 1995 Nov-Dec;23(6):715–720. [PubMed]
  • Canham W, Stanish W. A study of the biological behavior of the meniscus as a transplant in the medial compartment of a dog's knee. Am J Sports Med. 1986 Sep-Oct;14(5):376–379. [PubMed]
  • Milachowski KA, Weismeier K, Wirth CJ. Homologous meniscus transplantation. Experimental and clinical results. Int Orthop. 1989;13(1):1–11. [PubMed]
  • Johnson DL, Bealle D. Meniscal allograft transplantation. Clin Sports Med. 1999 Jan;18(1):93–108. [PubMed]
  • Verstraete KL, Verdonk R, Lootens T, Verstraete P, De Rooy J, Kunnen M. Current status and imaging of allograft meniscal transplantation. Eur J Radiol. 1997 Dec;26(1):16–22. [PubMed]
  • Shelton WR, Treacy SH, Dukes AD, Bomboy AL. Use of allografts in knee reconstruction: II. Surgical considerations. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1998 May-Jun;6(3):169–175. [PubMed]

Articles from British Journal of Sports Medicine are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...