• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of amjphAmerican Journal of Public Health Web SiteAmerican Public Health Association Web SiteSubmissionsSubscriptionsAbout Us
Am J Public Health. 1992 September; 82(9): 1238–1243.
PMCID: PMC1694323

Smoking cessation in women concerned about weight.

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Weight gain after smoking cessation is often cited by women smokers as a primary reason for not attempting to quit smoking or for relapsing after a cessation attempt. METHODS. A randomized trial of 417 women smokers was conducted to test the addition of two weight control strategies to a smoking cessation program. Participants received the standard smoking cessation program, the program plus nicotine gum, the program plus behavioral weight control, or the program plus both nicotine gum and behavioral weight control. Weight and smoking status were measured at the end of treatment and at 6 and 12 months posttreatment. RESULTS. Smoking cessation rates were highest in the group receiving the smoking cessation program plus nicotine gum. Weight gain did not vary by treatment condition, so its effect on relapse could not be examined by group. There was no significant relationship between weight gained and relapse in individuals. CONCLUSIONS. The added behavioral weight control program was attractive to the participants and did not reduce smoking cessation rates. However, it did not produce the expected effect on weight, thereby restricting our ability to examine the effect of weight control on smoking cessation and relapse.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (4.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Lando HA, Pirie PL, Hellerstedt WL, McGovern PG. Survey of smoking patterns, attitudes, and interest in quitting. Am J Prev Med. 1991 Jan-Feb;7(1):18–23. [PubMed]
  • Pirie PL, Murray DM, Luepker RV. Gender differences in cigarette smoking and quitting in a cohort of young adults. Am J Public Health. 1991 Mar;81(3):324–327. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hall SM, Ginsberg D, Jones RT. Smoking cessation and weight gain. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1986 Jun;54(3):342–346. [PubMed]
  • Fagerstrom KO. Reducing the weight gain after stopping smoking. Addict Behav. 1987;12(1):91–93. [PubMed]
  • Emont SL, Cummings KM. Weight gain following smoking cessation: a possible role for nicotine replacement in weight management. Addict Behav. 1987;12(2):151–155. [PubMed]
  • Hajek P, Jackson P, Belcher M. Long-term use of nicotine chewing gum. Occurrence, determinants, and effect on weight gain. JAMA. 1988 Sep 16;260(11):1593–1596. [PubMed]
  • Tønnesen P, Fryd V, Hansen M, Helsted J, Gunnersen AB, Forchammer H, Stockner M. Two and four mg nicotine chewing gum and group counselling in smoking cessation: an open, randomized, controlled trial with a 22 month follow-up. Addict Behav. 1988;13(1):17–27. [PubMed]
  • Lando HA, McGovern PG, Barrios FX, Etringer BD. Comparative evaluation of American Cancer Society and American Lung Association smoking cessation clinics. Am J Public Health. 1990 May;80(5):554–559. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lam W, Sze PC, Sacks HS, Chalmers TC. Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of nicotine chewing-gum. Lancet. 1987 Jul 4;2(8549):27–30. [PubMed]
  • Schmid TL, Jeffery RW, Hellerstedt WL. Direct mail recruitment to home-based smoking and weight control programs: a comparison of strategies. Prev Med. 1989 Jul;18(4):503–517. [PubMed]
  • Lando HA, Loken B, Howard-Pitney B, Pechacek T. Community impact of a localized smoking cessation contest. Am J Public Health. 1990 May;80(5):601–603. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • Compound
    Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...