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Am J Public Health. 1987 September; 77(9): 1210–1211.
PMCID: PMC1647001

Randomized trial of brief individual treatment for smoking using nicotine chewing gum in a workplace setting.


In a controlled trial of brief treatment for smoking using nicotine chewing gum in a workplace setting, 270 of 334 cigarette smokers who expressed interest were invited to take part in the program, which consisted of two individual consultations; 172 attended. The remaining 64 smokers constituted a no-intervention control group. Using a criterion of sustained one-year abstinence with biochemical validation, success rates were 12 per cent among participants, 1 per cent among those who were invited but did not attend, and 2 per cent in the control group.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Hughes JR, Miller SA. Nicotine gum to help stop smoking. JAMA. 1984 Nov 23;252(20):2855–2858. [PubMed]
  • Raw M. Does nicotine chewing gum work? Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Apr 27;290(6477):1231–1232. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hjalmarson AI. Effect of nicotine chewing gum in smoking cessation. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. JAMA. 1984 Nov 23;252(20):2835–2838. [PubMed]
  • Jarvis MJ, Raw M, Russell MA, Feyerabend C. Randomised controlled trial of nicotine chewing-gum. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982 Aug 21;285(6341):537–540. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
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  • Fagerström KO. Effects of nicotine chewing gum and follow-up appointments in physician-based smoking cessation. Prev Med. 1984 Sep;13(5):517–527. [PubMed]
  • Marshall A, Raw M. Nicotine chewing gum in general practice: effect of follow up appointments. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 May 11;290(6479):1397–1398. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jamrozik K, Fowler G, Vessey M, Wald N. Placebo controlled trial of nicotine chewing gum in general practice. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Sep 29;289(6448):794–797. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Nicotine chewing gum in general practice. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Nov 10;289(6454):1307–1308. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Raw Martin. Nicotine chewing gum in general practice. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Nov 10;289(6454):c1307–1307. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hallett R. Smoking intervention in the workplace: review and recommendations. Prev Med. 1986 May;15(3):213–231. [PubMed]
  • Orleans CS, Shipley RH. Worksite smoking cessation initiatives: review and recommendations. Addict Behav. 1982;7(1):1–16. [PubMed]
  • Jarvis MJ, Russell MA, Saloojee Y. Expired air carbon monoxide: a simple breath test of tobacco smoke intake. Br Med J. 1980 Aug 16;281(6238):484–485. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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