• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of amjphAmerican Journal of Public Health Web SiteAmerican Public Health Association Web SiteSubmissionsSubscriptionsAbout Us
Am J Public Health. 1987 February; 77(2): 178–182.
PMCID: PMC1646826

Adolescent depression, alcohol and drug abuse.

Abstract

The Diagnostic Interview Schedule was employed to ascertain the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD), alcohol and substance abuse in a sample of 424 college students aged 16 to 19 years. Applying DSM III criteria, the prevalence of MDD was 6.8 per cent; of alcohol abuse, 8.2 per cent; and of substance abuse 9.4 per cent. Alcohol abuse was associated with MDD, but not with other psychiatric diagnoses. Substance abuse was associated both with MDD and with other psychiatric diagnoses as well. The onset of MDD almost always preceded alcohol or substance abuse suggesting the possibility of self-medication as a factor in the development of alcohol or substance abuse.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (910K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Keeler MH, Taylor CI, Miller WC. Are all recently detoxified alcoholics depressed? Am J Psychiatry. 1979 Apr;136(4B):586–588. [PubMed]
  • Weissman MM, Myers JK. Clinical depression in alcoholism. Am J Psychiatry. 1980 Mar;137(3):372–373. [PubMed]
  • Jessor R, Jessor SL. Adolescent development and the onset of drinking. A longitudinal study. J Stud Alcohol. 1975 Jan;36(1):27–51. [PubMed]
  • Kandel DB. Epidemiological and psychosocial perspectives on adolescent drug use. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry. 1982 Jul;21(4):328–347. [PubMed]
  • O'Sullivan K, Whillans P, Daly M, Carroll B, Clare A, Cooney J. A comparison of alcoholics with and without coexisting affective disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 1983 Aug;143:133–138. [PubMed]
  • Robins LN. The natural history of adolescent drug use. Am J Public Health. 1984 Jul;74(7):656–657. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Robins LN, Helzer JE, Croughan J, Ratcliff KS. National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Its history, characteristics, and validity. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981 Apr;38(4):381–389. [PubMed]
  • Robins LN, Helzer JE, Weissman MM, Orvaschel H, Gruenberg E, Burke JD, Jr, Regier DA. Lifetime prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders in three sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984 Oct;41(10):949–958. [PubMed]
  • Helzer JE, Robins LN, McEvoy LT, Spitznagel EL, Stoltzman RK, Farmer A, Brockington IF. A comparison of clinical and diagnostic interview schedule diagnoses. Physician reexamination of lay-interviewed cases in the general population. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985 Jul;42(7):657–666. [PubMed]
  • Khantzian EJ. The self-medication hypothesis of addictive disorders: focus on heroin and cocaine dependence. Am J Psychiatry. 1985 Nov;142(11):1259–1264. [PubMed]
  • Schuckit M, Pitts FN, Jr, Reich T, King LJ, Winokur G. Alcoholism. I. Two types of alcoholism in women. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1969 Mar;20(3):301–306. [PubMed]
  • Goodwin DW, Schulsinger F, Hermansen L, Guze SB, Winokur G. Alcohol problems in adoptees raised apart from alcoholic biological parents. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1973 Feb;28(2):238–243. [PubMed]
  • Goodwin DW, Schulsinger F, Knop J, Mednick S, Guze SB. Alcoholism and depression in adopted-out daughters of alcoholics. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1977 Jul;34(7):751–755. [PubMed]
  • Greden JF, Frenkel SI, Morgan DW. Alcohol use in the Army: patterns and associated behaviors. Am J Psychiatry. 1975 Jan;132(1):11–16. [PubMed]
  • Kandel DB. Marijuana users in young adulthood. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984 Feb;41(2):200–209. [PubMed]

Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • Compound
    Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links